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OCR AS Psychology: G542: Core Studies - Wednesday 5th June 2013 Watch

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    (Original post by beth1995x)
    Yeah my teacher recommended that too =) I think because if it comes to the worst and you run out of time you can probably bullet point stuff in section A <img src="images/smilies/smile.png" border="0" alt="" title="" smilieid="1" class="inlineimg" /> but section B and C need to be more wordy :/
    Yes I know right??! so that would be an advantage then for everyone if we had to follow that way from backwards and because we could easily finish section c and move on to section b which would be such a tough challenge! ;( but yes and then section a is just 2/4 marker questions that we could whizz through but could take time tho :/
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    (Original post by Billie Jean)
    Yes I know right??! so that would be an advantage then for everyone if we had to follow that way from backwards and because we could easily finish section c and move on to section b which would be such a tough challenge! ;( but yes and then section a is just 2/4 marker questions that we could whizz through but could take time tho :/
    Yeah :/ well section A probably will end up taking an hour like you said.. but at least if there's a question/study we don't like in section A we can easily move on to the next question which won't relate at all!
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    Would people abbreviate in their answers? For example at the start 'Loftus and Palmer uses 45 students... Therefore L+P is...'

    I personally wouldn't do that for anything. It would save time but could you not get marked down for it? Also, you wouldn't do that in lets say an English or Philosophy essay... My teacher hasn't mentioned this before. I just thought of it now.

    Also, would people bullet point in section A if you really were running out of time? Again, I wouldn't do that...

    How do people answer the questions. If it says 'What is the sample of Bandura?' I would start with the 'sample of Bandura is'... But would anyone just write '72 children ect ect'.
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    Can someone explain Dement & Kleitman's Sleep Study using the Physiological Approach for me please?
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    (Original post by >Username<)
    Would people abbreviate in their answers? For example at the start 'Loftus and Palmer uses 45 students... Therefore L+P is...'

    I personally wouldn't do that for anything. It would save time but could you not get marked down for it? Also, you wouldn't do that in lets say an English or Philosophy essay... My teacher hasn't mentioned this before. I just thought of it now.

    Also, would people bullet point in section A if you really were running out of time? Again, I wouldn't do that...

    How do people answer the questions. If it says 'What is the sample of Bandura?' I would start with the 'sample of Bandura is'... But would anyone just write '72 children ect ect'.
    I'm like you and always write everything out fully, not entirely sure if we have to though :/ but I guess maybe it gives the examiner the impression that we're aiming for a high grade? If I really was running out of time though I would bullet point the information, but only for section A, my teachers before have said that its fine to do that because they're not assessing you on your quality of written communication in section A =) and providing bullet pointed answers would definitely be better than missing out lots of questions =)

    I did a past paper earlier and I felt silly for including so much detail in some of my answers where in the mark scheme it just states the points so simply for section A, all you'd need is "72 children from Stanford University Nursery" in order to get 4 marks for the Bandura study if it asked for 2 findings so :/
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    (Original post by >Username<)
    Would people abbreviate in their answers? For example at the start 'Loftus and Palmer uses 45 students... Therefore L+P is...'

    I personally wouldn't do that for anything. It would save time but could you not get marked down for it? Also, you wouldn't do that in lets say an English or Philosophy essay... My teacher hasn't mentioned this before. I just thought of it now.

    Also, would people bullet point in section A if you really were running out of time? Again, I wouldn't do that...

    How do people answer the questions. If it says 'What is the sample of Bandura?' I would start with the 'sample of Bandura is'... But would anyone just write '72 children ect ect'.
    you can still get marks for bullet pointing. if you were to bullet point that question it would be :
    72 children
    36 boys and 36 girls
    all from stanford university nursery school
    mean age of 52 months

    you would get marks for each point but i still like to fully explain the answer even though its not necessary, just a habit i guess
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    (Original post by DFC95)
    what is likely to come up for section b & c
    my predictions for section B:
    baron cohen
    reicher and haslam
    sperry

    section c:
    physiological
    behaviourist

    ive attatched a file that has the things that have come up in section b and c in previous papers
    Attached Files
  1. File Type: docx Psychology previous topics.docx (15.4 KB, 82 views)
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    (Original post by beth1995x)
    Yeah :/ well section A probably will end up taking an hour like you said.. but at least if there's a question/study we don't like in section A we can easily move on to the next question which won't relate at all!
    Yes I do agree with you that's why it's best for us to leave section A last and if you don't happen to know the answer it is anyway worth 2/4 marks so thank God for that pheewww


    (Original post by Tom Istefanous)
    Can someone explain Dement &amp; Kleitman's Sleep Study using the Physiological Approach for me please?
    If it asks you describe how the approach could explain the behaviour of Dement and Kleitman.....

    The physiological approach explains that our behaviour and experiences are often influenced by our neurological activity. Dement and Kleitman investigated the link between REM sleep and dreaming, by measuring brain waves using an EEG machine. This physiological data demonstrated a clear link between a high level of dreams (152) during REM sleep, compared to much fewer (11) during NREM sleep. Further results also demonstrated a physiological link between eye movements and dream content, as well as an accurate estimation of time spent dreaming during REM sleep. Overall Dement and Kleitman's study demonstrates that by monitoring neurological activity, sleep patterns can be accurately interpreted and predicted. all that will get you 4 marks I know it is a lot tho :/
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    (Original post by Billie Jean)

    The physiological approach explains that our behaviour and experiences are often influenced by our neurological activity.
    What's neurological activity? :/ is that just like brain activity?
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    (Original post by beth1995x)
    What's neurological activity? :/ is that just like brain activity?
    Yes that's just the brain activity
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    In section C when it asks for strengths and weaknesses from the approach/perspective using relavent studies, would it be okay to use evidence from A2 studies as well as from AS studies?

    Really do hope Baron-Cohan and behaviourist perspective come up, I feel like I've revised these too much. But I have my fingers crossed for Samuel & Byrant to come up as well
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    (Original post by amylaauren)
    Hey guys, this is my last attempt of resitting this exam, I got a D in my first attempt and then an E so I was majorly angry. I have done so much work on it and I just can't seem to understand the studies!
    Oh man i'm so sorry! I think i read some of your posts from the january exam this year and you seemed pretty confident that you did well I'm terrified for this exam, mainly because i really want a good grade to do it at uni.
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    hi what are the advantages and disadvantages of baron cohens study?
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    (Original post by random1234567)
    hi what are the advantages and disadvantages of baron cohens study?
    Advantages:
    - Increase validity: control over variables (IQ, sex, developmental disorders)
    - Standardised (done in Lab environment): increases validity, reduces extraneous variables, makes study more reliable
    - Quantitative data: data can be statistically analysed easily
    - Usefulness: further understanding of theory of mind

    Disadvantages:
    - Ecological validity: images of eyes is unlike real situations
    - Sample: could be individual differences in Austic group. Small sample is hard to generalise.
    - Experimenter bias: pps may have received pressure to impress the experimenter

    If anyone has anymore to add, feel free
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    (Original post by random1234567)
    hi what are the advantages and disadvantages of baron cohens study?
    Strengths:

    The main strength of this experiment is the control of variables. Variables were controlled such as intelligence, sex and developmental disorders. The researchers were able to ensure that the differences between the scores of the three groups of participants were something to do with being autistic.

    Furthermore the experiment was standardised in the way that every participant was tested in the same way. The use of standardised procedures in the way the photographs were presented ensured that the researchers could claim with some certainty that the independent variable which is the characteristics of autism was causing the dependent variable that is performance on the Eye Task.

    The experiment also collected quantitative data in the form of scores on the Eye Tasks enabling the researchers to carry out sophisticated statistical analysis of the results.


    Weaknesses:

    Lack of Ecological Validity - As some of the participants were tested at a lab in a University and this strange situation may have had an effect on performance. Probably more importantly the Eye Task test can be questioned as it is an unusual task which is much simpler than the demands of real live social situations. For example in the real world stimuli are not static. The researchers do recognise this lack of ecological validity and provide anecdotal evidence that many of the participants with autism or Asperger syndrome find watching films difficult because they find it hard to understand the intentions or motives of the characters in the films.

    The validity of the Eyes Task can be questioned. That is, is the Eye Task may not be actually measuring theory of mind. However, the researchers defend the validity in a number of ways. First, the target words are actual mental state terms. Secondly, these are not just emotion terms, but include terms describing cognitive mental states. This is therefore more than just an emotion perception test. Thirdly, the pattern of results from the Eyes Task mirrored the pattern of performance on the Happ? Strange Stories task - an existing advanced theory of mind task. Finally, the deficit on the Eyes Task was not mirrored on the two control tasks, suggesting that the poor performance by participants with autism or Asperger syndrome was not due to the stimuli being eyes, or to a deficit in extracting social information from minimal cues, or to a subtle perceptual deficit, or to basic emotion recognition. The researchers also noted that some of the participants with autism or Asperger syndrome had university degrees, yet scored poorly on the Eyes Task suggesting s this aspect of social cognition is independent of general intelligence.
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    Trying to revise Reicher and Haslam (finally the last study) and then going to do a full recap of main points in all 15 studies and start doing Section B and C model answers but I can't seem to get my head round reicher and haslam's study! I hate it
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    (Original post by mkhan9035)
    Strengths:

    The main strength of this experiment is the control of variables. Variables were controlled such as intelligence, sex and developmental disorders. The researchers were able to ensure that the differences between the scores of the three groups of participants were something to do with being autistic.

    Furthermore the experiment was standardised in the way that every participant was tested in the same way. The use of standardised procedures in the way the photographs were presented ensured that the researchers could claim with some certainty that the independent variable which is the characteristics of autism was causing the dependent variable that is performance on the Eye Task.

    The experiment also collected quantitative data in the form of scores on the Eye Tasks enabling the researchers to carry out sophisticated statistical analysis of the results.


    Weaknesses:

    Lack of Ecological Validity - As some of the participants were tested at a lab in a University and this strange situation may have had an effect on performance. Probably more importantly the Eye Task test can be questioned as it is an unusual task which is much simpler than the demands of real live social situations. For example in the real world stimuli are not static. The researchers do recognise this lack of ecological validity and provide anecdotal evidence that many of the participants with autism or Asperger syndrome find watching films difficult because they find it hard to understand the intentions or motives of the characters in the films.

    The validity of the Eyes Task can be questioned. That is, is the Eye Task may not be actually measuring theory of mind. However, the researchers defend the validity in a number of ways. First, the target words are actual mental state terms. Secondly, these are not just emotion terms, but include terms describing cognitive mental states. This is therefore more than just an emotion perception test. Thirdly, the pattern of results from the Eyes Task mirrored the pattern of performance on the Happ? Strange Stories task - an existing advanced theory of mind task. Finally, the deficit on the Eyes Task was not mirrored on the two control tasks, suggesting that the poor performance by participants with autism or Asperger syndrome was not due to the stimuli being eyes, or to a deficit in extracting social information from minimal cues, or to a subtle perceptual deficit, or to basic emotion recognition. The researchers also noted that some of the participants with autism or Asperger syndrome had university degrees, yet scored poorly on the Eyes Task suggesting s this aspect of social cognition is independent of general intelligence.
    yes thanks!!
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    (Original post by eselle)
    Advantages:
    - Increase validity: control over variables (IQ, sex, developmental disorders)
    - Standardised (done in Lab environment): increases validity, reduces extraneous variables, makes study more reliable
    - Quantitative data: data can be statistically analysed easily
    - Usefulness: further understanding of theory of mind

    Disadvantages:
    - Ecological validity: images of eyes is unlike real situations
    - Sample: could be individual differences in Austic group. Small sample is hard to generalise.
    - Experimenter bias: pps may have received pressure to impress the experimenter

    If anyone has anymore to add, feel free
    Thankyou!!
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    (Original post by mkhan9035)
    Trying to revise Reicher and Haslam (finally the last study) and then going to do a full recap of main points in all 15 studies and start doing Section B and C model answers but I can't seem to get my head round reicher and haslam's study! I hate it
    If you haven't already, try to find the bbc prison study online and watch the whole study, I was in your situation before watching it and it helped me to actually see the tyranny develop, it's really interesting too.
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    (Original post by eselle)
    If you haven't already, try to find the bbc prison study online and watch the whole study, I was in your situation before watching it and it helped me to actually see the tyranny develop, it's really interesting too.
    is it on youtube?
 
 
 
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