AQA AS History - Unit 1M - USA 1890-1945- Tuesday 14th may 2013 Watch

chelseafan
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(Original post by ninjawatermelon)
What did you guys think??
Pretty decent paper.
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p_sharples
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(Original post by ninjawatermelon)
Q1) a - why was there opposition to mass immigration between 1890 - 1918
Q1) b - how far did big business change the us economy in the years 1890 - 1918?

Q2) a - why was there organized crime in america in the 1920's?
Q2b) how far were Republican policies to blame for the wall street crash?

Not comoletely sure what q3 was but I know that the new deal didn't come up
OMG THEY WERE THE BEST EXAM QUESTIONS THEY COULD'VE POSSIBLY ASKED!
and Q3 was
why isolationist before 1938? (12) and I can't remember the 24 marker
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joneslfc
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I sat it, i did 1 and 2. Really don't know how it went
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chelseafan
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(Original post by joneslfc)
I sat it, i did 1 and 2. Really don't know how it went
I did those too.
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chelseafan
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What points did you guys make?
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Maddiee_xoxo
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(Original post by chelseafan)
What points did you guys make?

I think the questions were really good, but I messed up the second 24 marker (i did Q1 and 2) as I didn't really know what to write and only did 1 paragraph for and 2 against

Q1) I wrote about opposition from older Protestant groups e.g. WASPs, WCTU, Anti-Saloon League as new Catholics drank heavily + this would affect society so Prohibition groups opposed.

Also trade unions refused African-Americans to join unions, + workers were worried that they would be sacked as immigrants would work for cheap labour + pay was undercut so they were angry.

Final point (I don't know if this is right) but I wrote about opposition from Republican party? Because of Tammany Hall's corruption and Democratic party winning elections because of immigrants...

Q2) FOR:
- Employed immigrants who worked for labour - saved economy + mass produced
- J.P Morgan's banking system provided easy credit - interest for later pay
- Henry Ford's Model T car was mass produced - cheap and affordable even for poor

AGAINST:
- WWI + US providing food/arms to Europe
- Immigration - cheap labour
- Great Plains - cultivation of fertile lands to produce surpluses of wheat, etc - provided to Europe during WWI

Q3) Prohibition, bribery + corruption in law, and rivalry + competition for power and money

Q4) I MESSED THIS UP!

FOR:
- Fordney McCumber Tariff - foreign markets put high tariffs on American goods for revenge + companies overproduced so they couldn't sell - tried to sell in a flourish?!

AGAINST:
- Stocks and shares - market speculation + sudden fall in value of shares caused panic
- Confidence in market lasting forever + reliance on stock market for profit - sudden fall in value brought down national mood

I know I did the last 24 marker wrong, so I'm going to get marked down for that.. I'm so worried that I'll get a rubbish grade because of it!
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ninjawatermelon
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Q1a - really unsure about this as I only really learnt why there was NOT oppste migration :P However, the points I made....
*Farmers artizans and small shopkeeepers worried immigrants would take their jobs, job losses were common in eastern europe because of the arrival of cheap us wheat damaging peasant economies, those in the construction industry felt particularly at risk as immigrants were willing to work for low wages and in dangerous conditions

*Impact of populism, harsher immigration laws were a key idea in their 1892 Omaha platform manifesto which influenced the progressives whointroduced a literacy test for immigrants proving that the us felt duty bound to protect Americas standard of education
Then because I'd spent time flapping at the beginning I didn't have time for a third factor so had to weave the Jim Crow Laws into my conclusion, I estimate 6/12 for this one

Q1b) Yes
*monolithic corperations dominated and continued despite trust opposition (sherman anti trust act too vague, American sugar refinery co found to be within rights because not hindering foreign trade despite owning 98% of sugar in us)
*individuals eg andrew carnegie and rockefeller made millions for their sector In the economy because of this (us steel first million dollar company)
*banks were now run through the interests of big business which proved how influencial they were, more moneyfrom big business - more money in banks - more invested into economy
Other factors
*natural resources (spindlehopp oil, iron etc, oklahoma main oil producer by 1913, etc)
*munitions to britain after ww1
*tafts dollar diplomacy
*roosevelts victorious reputation as a rough rider enabled him to win the support of big business who then funded the building of the panama canal

Did an essay similar to this in class and got full marks, so hopefully 23/24 on this one as conclusion was good

Q2a)
*prohibition (amounts of money bootleggers made led to corruption in prohibition agents, al Capone earned so much that he was able to bribe government to elect Big bill Thompson as mayor of Chicago)

*individuals (Al Capone and John Torrios ingenious methods - motel attacks, st valebtines massacre etc)

*Media (Glamorized organised crime, made it look fashionable to middle classes, cinemacarface, idolosed Capone, flappers in the media made women more rebellious, used crime as a way to liberate thenselves against mens opression (e.g calling the gin line)
Think this one was pretty good and links were good so 10/12 ish?

Q2b - think I let myself down on this one as I went off on a tangent about problems of the boom :/
Yes
*fordney mccumber act should have in theory helped overproduction issue but foreign governments responded by putting high taxes on us good meaningfarmers couldnt sell their surpluses which meant their stock reduced in value
*gov encouraged bank to reduce rediscount rates, meant to increase foreign trade but just encouraged buying at home

Other factors
*get rich quick schemes (Ponzi, FloridaLand Boom) the start of exploitation of confidence, people buying on the margin lost confidence when Hatry went bust after selling fraudulent stock and began to see that stock built on debt was a danger
*nature of the bull market and danger of big businessmen who artificially increased stock prices by buying each others stock to make it look like there was great market increase
Very unsure about whether I really addressed the question and conclusion was weak so I think 15-16/24

Are these points ok? And do you think my estimated marks are right?
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R-123
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When leaving the exam hall I thought that the exam had gone okay but now, looking at this I really began to doubt myself!

I wondered if you would have a look for me?!
I answered...

1a) mentioned how America was a melting pot and land of opportunity for immigrants who came from destitute backgrounds so were prepared to work longer hours for less! This created opposition with trade unions such as the American federation league who felt that the immigrants were lowering the wages and reducing the employment!!

Then said how all lived in ethnic communities -such as little Italy which created tensions and opposition from Americans who disagreed with the social drinking cultures

I then linked the ethnic communities to lack of political knowledge -so would all vote together as one rather than what's best before than suggesting how the Catholics would also form alliances/remain loyal to pope causing opposition for their disloyalty!


1b) yes
Mentioned key personalities in big business
-Andrew Carnegie -standardised steel and created the steel corporation which was largest of its kind! Mentioned how he used vertical integration to ensure maximum production for lowest cost =improves economy!
-rockerfella -oil corporation -similarly able to dominate and manufacture units of oil cheap =maximum profits?! Thus helps economy
-Finally Vanderbilt -modernises railways =opens up west =more opportunity to sell = more profits and improved economy

Then used my counter points:
-natural resources of coil, steel, cotton so America were self sufficient but also gained foreign capita from the selling of resources to Britain
Then said how although this would improve the economy without the big business taking advantage and Carnegie recognising the potential would the impact be as great?!

-mass immigration -cheap workers -quicker production of goods
But again said how without the development of vertical integration would this have had a big impact

-technological advances -creation of refrigerated cart -opened up meat industry therefore greater market, more sales and more profit
But without vanderbilts development of railway would this technology been out to good use?!

So to conclude, although other factors it was the big business manipulation which saw the development of the economy??



So what do you think?! I'm worried about not having a full range of points -as I keep relating back to the same idea! What do you reckon mark wise?!

Much appreciated!
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R-123
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(Original post by Maddiee_xoxo)

I know I did the last 24 marker wrong, so I'm going to get marked down for that.. I'm so worried that I'll get a rubbish grade because of it!
I am in exactly the same position!
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chelseafan
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I didnt really have that many points for policies of the presidents. I mainly focused in on the key reasons for the wall street crash.
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ninjawatermelon
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[QUOTE=R-123;47591842]When leaving the exam hall I thought that the exam had gone okay but now, looking at this I really began to doubt myself!

I wondered if you would have a look for me?!
I answered...

I think this looks really good, good range of points and links so you have nothing to worry about

1a) mentioned how America was a melting pot and land of opportunity for immigrants who came from destitute backgrounds so were prepared to work longer hours for less! This created opposition with trade unions such as the American federation league who felt that the immigrants were lowering the wages and reducing the employment!!

Then said how all lived in ethnic communities -such as little Italy which created tensions and opposition from Americans who disagreed with the social drinking cultures

I then linked the ethnic communities to lack of political knowledge -so would all vote together as one rather than what's best before than suggesting how the Catholics would also form alliances/remain loyal to pope causing opposition f
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AnnieB
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Hi i'm resitting and I did Q2 and Q3 but i didn't finish the last 12 mark question :/ but did the others during the exam i was like ffs i've failed but everyone came out and thought it was quite hard because they could think of a lot of points how did everyone else find it?? fingers crossed for results day xxxxxxxxxxx
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