In 2004 the Kingdom of Queensland, a small Central American nation, implemented a policy of mandatory conscription for all individuals over the age of 18. Under this law, anyone over the age of 18 in Queensland, whether a citizen of Queensland or not, can be arrested and forced into the national army of Queensland. Queensland is a popular location for university students to spend their vacations, and as a result many such students have been conscripted into Queensland’s army.
Inspired by the success of this policy in filling Queensland’s army with healthy young soldiers, numerous small States around the world adopted similar policies, as did all other Central American States, ignoring the protests of the wealthier countries whose citizens were being conscripted.
In his 2008 “Christmas Message to the Nation” the King of Queensland proudly announced that not only had the policy greatly strengthened Queensland’s army, but the adoption of similar policies by other States meant that the policy now constituted customary international law.
Critically discuss the King’s claim regarding the conformity of Queensland’s policy to customary international law.
I understand with this question that it is regarding customary international law but the other issue of whether a state can force the foreign citizens to take part in their military, is confusing me, what part of international law is required here?
Your help would be much appreciated.
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