reasons for and against life after deathWatch
I hope someone can help me - i think im being a bit dense about it, but i'm taking edexcel phil of rel and one of the questions is discuss reasons for and against believing in life after death. What do they mean exactly by this? especially when they say in relation to say resurrection and reincarnation. Do they want reasons why people DO believe in it, or evidence that supports it... i hope someone can help!x
oh yes and wat do the different types of christianity/ roman catholics, protestants, believe about salvation?
reasons to believe in life after death:
- extinction is inconceivable; our earthly existence is too short - there must be something more to this life
- as god's creation we must be able to fulfil our potential in the next life
- kant - achieve summum bonum in afterlife
- balances moral law - good rewarded and evil punished in the afterlife. existence of a heaven/hell justifies behaviour of the good.
- or it may simply be a psychological device to comfort us (Ludwig Feuerbach)
- Hick - why not interpret heaven/hell in a less literal sense? hell could be interpreted as willingly turning away from god.
- problems with the balancing moral law argument - what about arbitrary suffering and natural evil? some may argue that the scale of suffering is not worth the prize of heaven.
Personhood, from what I understand, is basically what we mean by personal identity. Some believe that the body is all we need to establish personal identity, some believe it's the mind/brain/memory etc etc. So within reincarnation, if you are reborn with a different body and can't remember a thing about your past life - how can you be sure it's you?
That's all I can remember for now, really need to start learning and revising for my RS. Only revised 3 topics out of everything so far! Looks like a busy night...
-Plato's argument from cycle of opposites-death comes from life so life must come from death
-evidence such as near death experiences
-things pass out of existence by disintergration of parts. the real me (soul/mind) is non material and not made of parts so cannot disintergrate hence must continue to exist
-Kant's moral argument-assuming the universe is fair there must be life after death to ensure summum bonnum is achievable (ought--> can)
-if god exists then it is reasonable to assume that he is powerful and can give us life after death
-sacred scriptures e.g. the apostle's creed clearly states the christian belife in life after death
-life is too short there must be an oppertunity for us to achieve something