Tips on writing A2 history unit 3 essays? Watch

megank123
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Hi everyone. The essay question that I'm going to answer is, "Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933 because he was leader of the most popular party in Germany." "How far do you agree with this opinion?" I was just wondering if any A2 History students out there could give me tips on how they'd go about answering this, in terms of structure and possibly some ideas on content? Thanks a lot!
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cecehjerte
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I don't know if this helps but here is a copy of what it says in the examiner's report and the mark scheme:

Examiner's report:
Question 1 was the most popular of the essay questions and produced some excellent responses. Inevitably many saw it as an opportunity to offer a standardised answer on Hitler’s rise to
power. These were almost invariably unbalanced chronologically with too much on the 1920s
and not enough on the crucial period between July 1932 and January 1933. Addressing the political intrigues and negotiations of December-January was essential. The question was not primarily about why the Nazi’s were popular but the role of this popularity in securing Hitler the Chancellery in January 1933. Clearly candidates had to address the issue of popularity and it was always reassuring to come across opening paragraphs like the following that display a real grasp of relevant detail.
"It is indeed very hard to refute the fact that by 1933, 37% of the electorate had voted for the NSDAP and Hitler, his personal popularity showed when he came second to Hindenburg in the Presidential election with around 34% of the vote. To this extent, Hitler did have a strong mandate to assume the chancellorship in January 1933, however it should not be ignored that 83% of the electorate did not vote for Hitler and by January 1933 Hitler’s support was in decline (32% of the vote).Although Hitler’s popularity gave him a proverbial ‘foot in the door’, it was more than just his electoral mandate , in fact , some fundamental aspects of Germany and her, then, recent history contributed to his rise."
The candidate goes on to explain this political context and the discontents of key elements within the political elites and to stress the importance of the intrigues within the circle surrounding Hindenburg.
"It was the fact that Meissner, Oskar Hindenburg and Von Papen thought they could control and use him that facilitated his accession"
At every stage focus and analysis determined the deployment of precise and detailed knowledge. The response deservedly gained a level 5 with full marks.

Mark scheme:
This question addresses the reasons for Hitler’s appointment as Chancellor in 1933 . Candidates are likely to be able to substantiate the proposition with comments on Nazi electoral success in 1932 but they should appreciate that the question is about why Hitler was appointed by Hindenburg and not why the Nazis were able to garner in the votes. Some may choose to challenge the proposition by pointing out that Hitler was at the peak of his popularity after the July election but was not offered the Chancellorship then. His support declined in November, although he was still the leader of the most popular party in January. Clearly his popular support was a vital element in the President’s decision, but candidates will doubtless appreciate that his popular support was a long way from 50%. Candidates at the higher levels will probably examine the thesis that he was levered into power by members of the old élite, frightened of growing Communist support or, in the case of the Army, worried by the prospect of a civil war that they would not be able to contain. Others may introduce the personal dimension with comment on the picque felt by Von Papen against Von Schleicher and in this sense Hitler was the happy beneficiary of petty political rivalries. At the highest levels comment on the proposition may show an awareness of the workings of the Weimar Constitution and the recourse to Presidential Decree since 1930, a situation Hindenburg saw Hitler as being able to let him escape from. At Level 2 and below a descriptive approach to the Nazi path to power is likely to be adopted. At Level 3 a case will be made either arguing for or against the proposition. At Level 4 there should be a real debate. At Level 5 , look for a real balanced and evaluative analysis with sophisticated debate.
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Changing Skies
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(Original post by megank123)
Hi everyone. The essay question that I'm going to answer is, "Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933 because he was leader of the most popular party in Germany." "How far do you agree with this opinion?" I was just wondering if any A2 History students out there could give me tips on how they'd go about answering this, in terms of structure and possibly some ideas on content? Thanks a lot!
I got 29/30 on this essay in my mock.

I spoke about:

-the popularity of the Nazi Party (obviously). This is the focus so it's always best to start with it. I spoke about how they appealed to the masses, they tackled different areas of German society. This was done through organisations such as the Agrarpolitischer Apparat who appealed to the peasantry and tried to draw them into the Nazi movement due to discontent.
I also spoke about how the Association of National Socialist Jurists, the Reichslandbund (who were vital as they pressed for Hitler's appointment in 1933) and the Hitler Youth were other groups to made the Party popular. They were very appealing to the young, in 1930 over two-thirds of their members were under 40.

-I then spoke about other factors. Talk about the Wall Street Crash. This caused a dramatic rise in unemployment as well as further polarisation of German politics. Although the Depression didn't necessarily directly allow Hitler's appointment, it did allow him to exploit and take advantage over the discontent.

-unemployment was a key reason. It had psychological effects on Germany and more and more people were discontented with the economic state. Over 6 million were unemployed by 1933. The peasantry and Mittelstand suffered greatly, further polarisation of politics was occurring. People had little faith in the current political state and so were turning to the more radical groups who sought for dramatic change. Many also broke their voting habits and were encouraged by the radical ideas such as the destruction of the Treaty of Versailles. Without employment, the Nazis wouldn't have been so popular and neither would Hitler.

-I then spoke about the electoral successes of 1930 and 1932. It's best to fill this paragraph with statistics such as the number of seats the Nazis obtained/percentage of votes.

-the use of article 48 and the misjudgment from Hindenburg and von Papen were also important. (They believed they had much more control over Hitler!)

-Hitler's talents as a speaker and politician were vital in terms of his appointment of Chancellor. His inspirational and constructive speeches were extremely influential and attracted many different groups. Propaganda was also key in terms of his appointment as it increased popularity for the Nazis. The Agrarpolitischer Apparat were responsible for many speeches, rallies and lectures. Hitler also turned his trial after the Munich Putsch in 1923 as a propaganda event which allowed him to gain early popularity

Mention the popularity of the Party throughout, as a lot of other factors were due to their popularity such as electoral success

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megank123
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(Original post by Lucy96)
I got 29/30 on this essay in my mock.

I spoke about:

-the popularity of the Nazi Party (obviously). This is the focus so it's always best to start with it. I spoke about how they appealed to the masses, they tackled different areas of German society. This was done through organisations such as the Agrarpolitischer Apparat who appealed to the peasantry and tried to draw them into the Nazi movement due to discontent.
I also spoke about how the Association of National Socialist Jurists, the Reichslandbund (who were vital as they pressed for Hitler's appointment in 1933) and the Hitler Youth were other groups to made the Party popular. They were very appealing to the young, in 1930 over two-thirds of their members were under 40.

-I then spoke about other factors. Talk about the Wall Street Crash. This caused a dramatic rise in unemployment as well as further polarisation of German politics. Although the Depression didn't necessarily directly allow Hitler's appointment, it did allow him to exploit and take advantage over the discontent.

-unemployment was a key reason. It had psychological effects on Germany and more and more people were discontented with the economic state. Over 6 million were unemployed by 1933. The peasantry and Mittelstand suffered greatly, further polarisation of politics was occurring. People had little faith in the current political state and so were turning to the more radical groups who sought for dramatic change. Many also broke their voting habits and were encouraged by the radical ideas such as the destruction of the Treaty of Versailles. Without employment, the Nazis wouldn't have been so popular and neither would Hitler.

-I then spoke about the electoral successes of 1930 and 1932. It's best to fill this paragraph with statistics such as the number of seats the Nazis obtained/percentage of votes.

-the use of article 48 and the misjudgment from Hindenburg and von Papen were also important. (They believed they had much more control over Hitler!)

-Hitler's talents as a speaker and politician were vital in terms of his appointment of Chancellor. His inspirational and constructive speeches were extremely influential and attracted many different groups. Propaganda was also key in terms of his appointment as it increased popularity for the Nazis. The Agrarpolitischer Apparat were responsible for many speeches, rallies and lectures. Hitler also turned his trial after the Munich Putsch in 1923 as a propaganda event which allowed him to gain early popularity

Mention the popularity of the Party throughout, as a lot of other factors were due to their popularity such as electoral success

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Hi, thanks for your reply, that's very helpful may I ask what you wrote for your introduction for your essay?
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