(Original post by megank123)
Hi everyone. The essay question that I'm going to answer is, "Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933 because he was leader of the most popular party in Germany." "How far do you agree with this opinion?" I was just wondering if any A2 History students out there could give me tips on how they'd go about answering this, in terms of structure and possibly some ideas on content? Thanks a lot!
I got 29/30 on this essay in my mock.
I spoke about
-the popularity of the Nazi Party (obviously). This is the focus so it's always best to start with it. I spoke about how they appealed to the masses, they tackled different areas of German society. This was done through organisations such as the Agrarpolitischer Apparat who appealed to the peasantry and tried to draw them into the Nazi movement due to discontent.
I also spoke about how the Association of National Socialist Jurists, the Reichslandbund (who were vital as they pressed for Hitler's appointment in 1933) and the Hitler Youth were other groups to made the Party popular. They were very appealing to the young, in 1930 over two-thirds of their members were under 40.
-I then spoke about other factors. Talk about the Wall Street Crash. This caused a dramatic rise in unemployment as well as further polarisation of German politics. Although the Depression didn't necessarily directly allow Hitler's appointment, it did allow him to exploit and take advantage over the discontent.
-unemployment was a key reason. It had psychological effects on Germany and more and more people were discontented with the economic state. Over 6 million were unemployed by 1933. The peasantry and Mittelstand suffered greatly, further polarisation of politics was occurring. People had little faith in the current political state and so were turning to the more radical groups who sought for dramatic change. Many also broke their voting habits and were encouraged by the radical ideas such as the destruction of the Treaty of Versailles. Without employment, the Nazis wouldn't have been so popular and neither would Hitler.
-I then spoke about the electoral successes of 1930 and 1932. It's best to fill this paragraph with statistics such as the number of seats the Nazis obtained/percentage of votes.
-the use of article 48 and the misjudgment from Hindenburg and von Papen were also important. (They believed they had much more control over Hitler!)
-Hitler's talents as a speaker and politician were vital in terms of his appointment of Chancellor. His inspirational and constructive speeches were extremely influential and attracted many different groups. Propaganda was also key in terms of his appointment as it increased popularity for the Nazis. The Agrarpolitischer Apparat were responsible for many speeches, rallies and lectures. Hitler also turned his trial after the Munich Putsch in 1923 as a propaganda event which allowed him to gain early popularity
Mention the popularity of the Party throughout, as a lot of other factors were due to their popularity such as electoral success
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