Can someone mark my A01 philosophy essay please and how can I improve?Watch
Fletcher explains situation ethics through the six fundamental principles and Christian love.
Joseph Fletcher, states “Only one thing is intrinsically good; namely love: nothing else”. This is what is known as a fist proposition. He also claims how, “Only love is good in and of itself”. Actions are not intrinsically good or evil. They are good/evil depending upon whether they promote the most loving result. They are extrinsically good, depending on their circumstances and consequences.
Secondly, “The ruling norm of Christian decision is love; nothing else”. Fletcher states that Jesus replaced the Torah with the principle of love. For example; his decision to heal on the Sabbath day, rejecting the obligations of Sabbath observance. The commandments are not absolute. Jesus broke them when love demanded it. Love REPLACES LAW. It isn’t equalled by any other law.
Fletcher’s third proposition was based upon “Love and justice are the same”. For justice is love distributed, nothing else. Love and justice can’t be separated from each other. Fletcher writes, ‘Justice is Christian love using its head, calculating it’s duties, obligations, opportunities and reasons. Justice is love coping with situations, where distribution is called for, ‘For’ justice is love at work in the whole community, for the whole community.
Furthermore, Fletcher’s fourth proposition. ‘Love wills the neighbours well, whether we like him or not’. This relates to the love that Fletcher is concerned about isn’t matter of feeling, but of attitude of the will towards the other person. It is not a sentiment or erotic, but rather, a desire for the good of the other person. This is the New Testament agape love. Your neighbour is anybody and agape love goes out to anybody and everybody. Not just those we like but those we don’t like as well. Again ‘love is unconditional’. Nothing is required in return.
Additionally, Fletchers’ fifth proposition; presents his fifth proposition. “Only the end, justifies the means, nothing else”.
To consider moral actions without reference to their ends haphazard approach. Actions acquire moral status as means to an end. For Fletcher, the end must be the most loving result. Thus when weighing up a situation, one must consider the desired end, this means available the motive for acting and the foreseeable consequences.
Lastly, Joseph Fletcher conducts his final proposition; his sixth. “Love’s decisions are made situational, not prescriptively”. He explains, how Jesus reacted against the kind of rule based on morality, that he saw around him. Fletchers moral theory differs from the traditional Christian ethics. It embraces a form of relativism as actions are not intrinsically right or wrong. Actions are right or wrong depending on their result. For Fletcher, the good result is that which serves agape love best.
It would also be worth mentioning the pragmatic approach, and that in acting through love, people are imitating christ.
Having a look at the AO1 descriptors, I would place you in Level 6, for giving a fairly thorough treatment of the essay and demonstrating your understanding with appropriate evidence and examples.