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Next introduce all the factors that you will discuss in your essay:
-Reports introduced by Booth and Rowntree
-Introduce any historiography surrounding the question
-Draw an overall judgement: The reports on poverty produced by Booth and Rowntree were responsible for the Liberal social Reforms of 1906-1914 to a large/small extent (if small state which factor is most likely)
- Contextualisation; giving background on the issue. You would discuss poverty in the late 19th century, its consequences. as well as attempts to help those in poverty and government response i.e laissez-faire, philanthropy and charitable societies. You should mention the Boer War briefly as an example of the failing health of the nation and the consequences of poverty to Britain's national efficiency. This can be ties in to politics since a weak Britain would ultimately have political consequences for the ruling party, while at the same time they required a way to placate the poor away from Labour. Finally, discuss changing attitudes, particularly among a new class of Liberals such as David Lloyd George and Henry Asquith.
- Line of argument; the contextualisation should then lead into your line of argument in which you should state briefly what the Liberal Reforms were/what they did, and then question why they were introduced.
- Factors; this too leads into mentioning which factors will be discussed throughout the essay. Those being, the social surveys of Booth and Rowntree, changing attitudes among the 'New Liberals', concerns over national efficiency and the emerging threat of the Labour Party.