OCR A/S Sociology - Ethnic identity question Watch

jessiebon
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I've just done this question 'Explain and briefly evaluate the importance of peers in the creation and reinforcement of ethnic identities (24 Marks)' but I don't think I've done it right because it seems too short. Could anyone please do me a massive favour and read it and see where I'm going wrong?
This is my essay :confused::confused:

Ethnicity defines those individuals who share common cultural characteristics that set them apart to other social groups in a society. Their cultural behaviour is usually distinctively different to that of other social groups.
One way in which peer groups may shape the formation of ethnic identity is by an individuals need to win the approval of peers. People want to ‘fit in’ and therefore in order to do this they conform to peer group pressure. If an individual wanted to join a Catholic group of people they might have to dress in a certain way or behave in a certain way, e.g wearing the cross and going to church, to win the approval of the group. Thus they therefore adopt the norms of the group. Failure to conform to the group norms can lead to rejection and isolation, which few people want to experience. Therefore peers create new ethnic identities for people that they can choose to conform to or ultimately be isolated from the group.
Another way in which peer pressure may shape the formation of ethnic identity is through membership of youth subcultures. Tony Sewell argues that peer pressure is extremely influential in shaping ethnic identity among disaffected African-Caribbean youth in British inner cities. He argues that African-Carribean male identity is focused on being a ‘hyper-male’ and ‘gangsta’ in the eyes of their peers, and this often compensates for the lack of a father figure in the lives of many of these teenagers.
Peers may also shape ethnic identity by providing a form of resistance to racism. Jacobson argues that many young Pakistanis are adopting an Islamic identity in terms of diet, dress and everyday routines and practices. She suggest that this is essentially a defensive identity that has developed as a response to racism and social exclusion. Islamic identity compensates for such marginalisation because it stresses the exclusion of the white excluders by the excluded.
However, not all peer groups help shape a particular ethnic identity. Les Back found the emergence of new identities among peer groups based on ‘cultural borrowing’. He found that some young white people were being attracted to aspects of black culture, and both black and white youths has developed a sort of shared identity based on mixed ethnicity.
In conclusion, peers are very important in the formation of ethnic identity as they encourage peers to conform to peer pressure and adopt new norms. However the family plays the most important role in the formation of ethnic identity as they socialize children into their norms and values right from the beginning of their life and through their most influential years. This therefore has the biggest impact on children as at a young age they will more than likely conform to the socialised norms and values and follow them throughout adulthood.

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JUSTSASHA
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(Original post by jessiebon)
I've just done this question 'Explain and briefly evaluate the importance of peers in the creation and reinforcement of ethnic identities (24 Marks)' but I don't think I've done it right because it seems too short. Could anyone please do me a massive favour and read it and see where I'm going wrong?
This is my essay :confused::confused:

Ethnicity defines those individuals who share common cultural characteristics that set them apart to other social groups in a society. Their cultural behaviour is usually distinctively different to that of other social groups.
One way in which peer groups may shape the formation of ethnic identity is by an individuals need to win the approval of peers. People want to ‘fit in’ and therefore in order to do this they conform to peer group pressure. If an individual wanted to join a Catholic group of people they might have to dress in a certain way or behave in a certain way, e.g wearing the cross and going to church, to win the approval of the group. Thus they therefore adopt the norms of the group. Failure to conform to the group norms can lead to rejection and isolation, which few people want to experience. Therefore peers create new ethnic identities for people that they can choose to conform to or ultimately be isolated from the group.
Another way in which peer pressure may shape the formation of ethnic identity is through membership of youth subcultures. Tony Sewell argues that peer pressure is extremely influential in shaping ethnic identity among disaffected African-Caribbean youth in British inner cities. He argues that African-Carribean male identity is focused on being a ‘hyper-male’ and ‘gangsta’ in the eyes of their peers, and this often compensates for the lack of a father figure in the lives of many of these teenagers.
Peers may also shape ethnic identity by providing a form of resistance to racism. Jacobson argues that many young Pakistanis are adopting an Islamic identity in terms of diet, dress and everyday routines and practices. She suggest that this is essentially a defensive identity that has developed as a response to racism and social exclusion. Islamic identity compensates for such marginalisation because it stresses the exclusion of the white excluders by the excluded.
However, not all peer groups help shape a particular ethnic identity. Les Back found the emergence of new identities among peer groups based on ‘cultural borrowing’. He found that some young white people were being attracted to aspects of black culture, and both black and white youths has developed a sort of shared identity based on mixed ethnicity.
In conclusion, peers are very important in the formation of ethnic identity as they encourage peers to conform to peer pressure and adopt new norms. However the family plays the most important role in the formation of ethnic identity as they socialize children into their norms and values right from the beginning of their life and through their most influential years. This therefore has the biggest impact on children as at a young age they will more than likely conform to the socialised norms and values and follow them throughout adulthood.

Thank you!
POST it onto this thread: http://www.thestudentroom.co.uk/show...y#post47304859
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jessiebon
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(Original post by JUSTSASHA)
POST it onto this thread: http://www.thestudentroom.co.uk/show...y#post47304859
Okay I will do! Thank you
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