Aqa sociology unit 2 21st may 2014 revision thread - inc predictions

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winterx
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Made this thread for revision only! + inc predictions of what may come up!

as far as i know, my teachers have predicted;

EDUCATION: Policies
METHODS IN CONTEXT: Observation
RESEARCH METHODS: 1) DOCUMENTS 2) QUESTIONNAIRES 3) EXPERIMENTS

Share your predictions too!
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winterx
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Policies overview

1944-79: TRIPARTITE SYSTEM {1944 EDUCATION ACT)

Main aims:
  • Abolish class inequalities, making secondary education free for all
  • based on meritocratic principles that 11+ exam would sift & Sort children fairly according to ability
  • schools were to have parity of esteem (equal status and value) *go into more detailed for this Ddefinition, how did it lack parity of esteem*


Involved: selecting allocating to Grammar/SecondaryModern/Technical schools according to result on 11+ exam. * explain each of these *

Eval.

  • Tripartite system legitimated inequality through ideology that ability is in born
  • Unfair, cultural bias- favour white MC, disproportionally against WC. - Selected for Secondary modern which had a poor image- seen as failing, meaning WC= low self esteem
  • MC who fail go to private sector
  • Thus Not reliable measurement of intelligence
  • MID 1950s saw this policy as filed in aims.
  • Educational attainment= class based
  • WC left school and work MC- College/University

note: i have just broadly outline this policy, its more detailed on the original notes ive made so let me know if you want them!
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winterx
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Self-fulfilling prophecy
when a pupil comes to live up to the label given him/her.




Three functions that education may perform


-teaching specialist skills
• creating social solidarity
• teaching shared values
• a bridge between family and wider society
• role allocation
• creating obedient workers
• justifying inequality.




working-class under-achievement in education is the result of home circumstances and family background.


parental interest/education,
early socialisation,
family structure and roles,
speech codes, linguistic,
cultural and material deprivation, cultural capital,
class subcultures, deferred gratification, compensatory education etc


Analysis and evaluation may be developed, for instance, by
contrasting material and cultural explanations, or considering the relationship between
factors within and outside school.
theorists: Blackstone and Mortimore, Douglas, Bernstein, Bereiter and Engelmann, Halsey et al, Ball et al, Boudon, Bourdieu, Hyman, Sugarman, Keddie, Smith and Noble, Howard et al.


‘sampling frame’.
a list of the research population.




2 social factors that could be used in the creation of a stratified sample,
ethnicity
• marital status
• housing tenure
• age
gender


2reasons why sociologists might use structured interviews
-easier comparison of data
• less time-consuming
• lower cost
• filters out irrelevant material
• less intrusive.




p.obv issues
validity, reliability, comparison and representativeness; issues of authenticity/verification;
availability; accessibility; Hawthorne Effect; cost; time; researcher training; ethical
issues such as confidentiality and informed consent; utility in relation to different
research contexts and issues.
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llik
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(Original post by winterx)
Self-fulfilling prophecy
when a pupil comes to live up to the label given him/her.




Three functions that education may perform


-teaching specialist skills
• creating social solidarity
• teaching shared values
• a bridge between family and wider society
• role allocation
• creating obedient workers
• justifying inequality.




working-class under-achievement in education is the result of home circumstances and family background.


parental interest/education,
early socialisation,
family structure and roles,
speech codes, linguistic,
cultural and material deprivation, cultural capital,
class subcultures, deferred gratification, compensatory education etc


Analysis and evaluation may be developed, for instance, by
contrasting material and cultural explanations, or considering the relationship between
factors within and outside school.
theorists: Blackstone and Mortimore, Douglas, Bernstein, Bereiter and Engelmann, Halsey et al, Ball et al, Boudon, Bourdieu, Hyman, Sugarman, Keddie, Smith and Noble, Howard et al.


‘sampling frame’.
a list of the research population.




2 social factors that could be used in the creation of a stratified sample,
ethnicity
• marital status
• housing tenure
• age
gender


2reasons why sociologists might use structured interviews
-easier comparison of data
• less time-consuming
• lower cost
• filters out irrelevant material
• less intrusive.




p.obv issues
validity, reliability, comparison and representativeness; issues of authenticity/verification;
availability; accessibility; Hawthorne Effect; cost; time; researcher training; ethical
issues such as confidentiality and informed consent; utility in relation to different
research contexts and issues.


Are these your predictions on the exam or answers from a past paper
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winterx
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(Original post by llik)
Are these your predictions on the exam or answers from a past paper

they are past answers
predictions

EDUCATION- policies
MIC- observation
RESEARCH METHODS- docs, exp, questionnaires
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winterx
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research methods essay structure.

1)Documents

Introduction: why do intepretivists use them
Examples of personal/life documents
or and historical documents- depends on?
Advantages
Disadvantages

John Scott-
way of checking-authenticity, credibility, representivntess and meaning
evaluation: Why do positivist dislike documents
remember to apply it the item if there is one !
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winterx
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OVERVIEW
POSTIVISTS LIKE:
-EXPERIMENTS
-SURVERYS
-QUESTIONNAIRES
-STRUCTURED INTERVIEWS
-OFFICAL STATISTICS

INTERACTIONISTS LIKE:
-UNSTRUCTURED
-P.OBV
-DOCUMENTS

ESSAY STRUCTURES WOULD BE:

INTRO why do POSITIVISTS/iNTERPRETIVISTS?
EXAMPLES case studies
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES - pervert
evaluation WHY DO P/I DISLIKE?Which ever applies
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Magnus Taylor
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Thats a good shout
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winterx
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(Original post by Magnus Taylor)
Thats a good shout

??
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Magnus Taylor
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(Original post by winterx)
??
Predictions looked good, i think 2/3 of the marks is an A
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TheAlchemistt
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(Original post by winterx)
Made this thread for revision only! + inc predictions of what may come up!

as far as i know, my teachers have predicted;

EDUCATION: Policies
METHODS IN CONTEXT: Observation
RESEARCH METHODS: 1) DOCUMENTS 2) QUESTIONNAIRES 3) EXPERIMENTS

Share your predictions too!
Methods in context have 2 options
Research Methods have 1
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Dwighty96
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defintley policies for the education part
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winterx
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(Original post by TheAlchemistt)
Methods in context have 2 options
Research Methods have 1

i do know that, there the predictions
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winterx
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(Original post by Magnus Taylor)
Predictions looked good, i think 2/3 of the marks is an A

Are you prepared ? ive not started revision properly yet!
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Magnus Taylor
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(Original post by winterx)
Are you prepared ? ive not started revision properly yet!
Genuinely doomed lol , started revision for family on 1st march but for this paper i started last friday lol
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Betsiejane
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(Original post by winterx)
Made this thread for revision only! + inc predictions of what may come up!

as far as i know, my teachers have predicted;

EDUCATION: Policies
METHODS IN CONTEXT: Observation
RESEARCH METHODS: 1) DOCUMENTS 2) QUESTIONNAIRES 3) EXPERIMENTS

Share your predictions too!
field or laboratory experiments? if anyone has notes of field experiments i'll be very greatful! gonna fail lol
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Mimy
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Hey everyone. For the research and methods question do you guys think I'll be ok knowing documents and questionnaires and not experiments? Mic should be observation and education should be policies. However what about the 12 marker? Also any exam questions on this topics would be useful and notes. Thanks a lot good luck guys
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mandeep1912
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I think Policies will come up definitely
Could someone please send me some notes on Documents, I haven't got enough to write an essay on it, it would be much appreciated
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winterx
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(Original post by Betsiejane)
field or laboratory experiments? if anyone has notes of field experiments i'll be very greatful! gonna fail lol

i have some but ive written them , ill type them up for you
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winterx
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(Original post by Magnus Taylor)
Genuinely doomed lol , started revision for family on 1st march but for this paper i started last friday lol

if it helps, i havnt properly started sooo
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