nathan643
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Report Thread starter 7 years ago
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Can someone explain to me why in the oxidation of ethanol to ethanoic acid an excess of the oxident must be used?
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kjfr
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Ethanol is a primary alcohol,which means it can be oxidised to either an aldehyde or a carboxylic acid depending on conditions of reaction and whether or not an excess of oxidising agent is used.

Therefore:
Ethanol + oxidising agent (distillation) makes ethanal
Ethanol + excess oxidising agent (reflux) makes ethanoic acid

Hope that helps

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