Politics AQA Unit 2Watch
Basically I said the judicary are neutral and independent because..
security of tenure
offence of contempt of court
consolidated fund salaries
no political bias
but then i said actually they aren't (in practice) because...
human rights act politicised judicary because they can now rule stuff incompatible with HRA
judges can still vote so they will have some bias even if they don't openly / intentionally
and the removal of law lords to supreme court brought media attention to judges so threatened them.
I felt like I'd gone on the completely wrong wave length haha so don't worry if you've put something totally different. And I thought the definitions were fair for the first time in a long time! What did you write for the core executive/civil service question?
For the civil service question, my teacher told us that there's a lot of ways to answer this question, none of which in the textbook. I used the four models defining relations between civil servants and ministers that he told us about - Traditional model, adversarial model, Whitehall community model and Public Choice Model. In my conclusion I wrote that perhaps it's spads who have a greater influence - e.g. Alistair Cambell etc. My teacher said that was the way to answer it and I got a high mark on it when I did a similar one in a recent mock; however, I now have a massive worry that maybe not all examiners are aware of these models? So someone might just think I'm making it all up hahaha. What did you do?
I said civil service have experience and expertise because they're permanent so they do advise, however minister has final say. In IMR ministers are responsible for the decisions that knowingly go on in their department which suggests its ministers that do the deciding. And minsters are elected whereas civil servants aren't so ministers have no legitimacy to decide (was really clutching at straws here haha).
Then I just said that civil service can actually decide issues by pigeon holing them so they don't actually get to be decided. They also have a conservative pull because of their permanence so might influence the decisions. And I said that ministers turn to spads now so civil service arent needed for advice as much. And also civil servants more focussed on opperational amtters than advising.
I felt really uneasy I didn't feel like anything I wrote was actually that relevant it was so desperate hahaha. Oh well!