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    How would you answer a question like this:
    'Describe and evaluate the use of systematic desensitisation to treat phobias'
    I understand the evaluate bit but how do I 'describe the use' ?

    (^^ that's just an example btw)
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    To describe how they use it, you just give a description of the steps taken. For this example, you might say...
    The psychologist and the participant work together to create a hierarchy of fears, from the least to the most feared stimulus. The psychologist teaches the participant relaxation techniques. Then, the participant is exposed to the least feared stimulus and must relax in order to move up the hierarchy of fears to tackle the next feared stimulus.
    you may be asked to refer to something, like an excerpt from a fake article, in this case, be specific about what is happening, e.g. Suggest what the least and most feared stimuli are, suggest a relaxation technique...
    I'm not sure if there are any other steps to add here...it's been at least 3 weeks since I last looked at psychology, and I'm already a bit rusty ahaa
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    (Original post by Laurasaur)
    To describe how they use it, you just give a description of the steps taken. For this example, you might say...
    The psychologist and the participant work together to create a hierarchy of fears, from the least to the most feared stimulus. The psychologist teaches the participant relaxation techniques. Then, the participant is exposed to the least feared stimulus and must relax in order to move up the hierarchy of fears to tackle the next feared stimulus.
    you may be asked to refer to something, like an excerpt from a fake article, in this case, be specific about what is happening, e.g. Suggest what the least and most feared stimuli are, suggest a relaxation technique...
    I'm not sure if there are any other steps to add here...it's been at least 3 weeks since I last looked at psychology, and I'm already a bit rusty ahaa
    What if I wrote what systematic desensitisation is and then stated some ethical implications? For example,'systematic desensitisation is a treatment for phobias in which the person is gradually exposed to the feared object, activity or event after they are taught to relax and breathe calmly.' and for the evaluate bit I said something about withdrawal, no deception, costly/time-consuming and that it's less stressful than flooding. This type of question is 6 marks btw. How many do you think I would get for writing that?
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    systematic desensitisation is a treatment for phobias in which the person is gradually (1mark) exposed to the feared object, activity or event after they are taught to relax(1mark) and breathe calmly(?1mark?).' and for the evaluate bit I said something about withdrawal(1mark), no deception(1mark), costly/time-consuming(1mark) and that it's less stressful(unnecessary) than flooding.

    5/6 or 6/6 depending on how harsh the marker is.

    One thing I'd tweak is the clarity of 'and breathe calmly'. I would have been more likely to give you the mark had you said 'taught to relax by breathing calmly' as this just makes it clear that they are two separate points as it shows that 'breathing calmly' is an example of a relaxation technique.

    Other VERY important points about systematic desensitisation are about the 'hierarchy of fears' and how participants can only progress to the next one when they have relaxed.

    Your evaluation was brilliant, but you only need 3 points (or two points with one of them detailed/one very very detailed point) because you get UP TO 3 marks for the description and UP TO 3 marks for the evaluation. Although, it can be useful to include extra points if you aren't sure whether your other points will get you marks.

    I gave you marks for:
    description...
    1.clarifying the difference between flooding and systematic desensitisation by saying it works 'gradually'.
    2.stating that participants are taught to 'relax'.
    3?. Giving an example of a relaxation technique, 'breathe calmly'.
    Evaluation...
    1. Ethics: 'withdrawal'
    2. Ethics: 'no deception'
    3. Method: 'time-consuming'

    hope this helps
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    (Original post by Laurasaur)
    systematic desensitisation is a treatment for phobias in which the person is gradually (1mark) exposed to the feared object, activity or event after they are taught to relax(1mark) and breathe calmly(?1mark?).' and for the evaluate bit I said something about withdrawal(1mark), no deception(1mark), costly/time-consuming(1mark) and that it's less stressful(unnecessary) than flooding.

    5/6 or 6/6 depending on how harsh the marker is.

    One thing I'd tweak is the clarity of 'and breathe calmly'. I would have been more likely to give you the mark had you said 'taught to relax by breathing calmly' as this just makes it clear that they are two separate points as it shows that 'breathing calmly' is an example of a relaxation technique.

    Other VERY important points about systematic desensitisation are about the 'hierarchy of fears' and how participants can only progress to the next one when they have relaxed.

    Your evaluation was brilliant, but you only need 3 points (or two points with one of them detailed/one very very detailed point) because you get UP TO 3 marks for the description and UP TO 3 marks for the evaluation. Although, it can be useful to include extra points if you aren't sure whether your other points will get you marks.

    I gave you marks for:
    description...
    1.clarifying the difference between flooding and systematic desensitisation by saying it works 'gradually'.
    2.stating that participants are taught to 'relax'.
    3?. Giving an example of a relaxation technique, 'breathe calmly'.
    Evaluation...
    1. Ethics: 'withdrawal'
    2. Ethics: 'no deception'
    3. Method: 'time-consuming'

    hope this helps
    Thanks!
 
 
 
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