Can someone check my essay for Edexel AS Civil Rights?Watch
'To what extent did opportunities for African Americans in the USA improve in the years 1945-1955?'
In this decade, the opportunities for African Americans had drastically improved compared to the years previous, from the 1860s. This was due to the rise in economic power, support from white politicians, and an increase on black consciousness. By 1955, at least by de juro, Blacks had gain the right to be part of integrated school, and most divisions of the army. They also had easier access to voting.
During World War Two, the demand for factory jobs in industrial cities led a migration of African Americans from the South to the North, and while they were still paid less than their white counterparts, they had far more economic opportunity than they had in the South. By the end of the War, Black men coming from Europe had also experience equality and fair treatment from Europeans. They were treated as war heros but when they came back home, they were subjected to being reminded that they were second class citizens of their own country. In previous decades most black people thought that the fight for racial equality was a radical idea, but now people had begun to change their minds.
The NAACP, a civil rights group had begun to challenge segregation by beginning to use court cases, involving education and voting rights. Cases such Brown v Board of Education (1954) ended segregation between Black and White school children of all ages. Smith v Allwright (1945) ended the ban of Blacks voting in the Texan State Preliminaries. President Truman, being a former racist (Although rumored to still be racist through his presidency.) was repulsed by the treatment of Black war veterans. He made a decision to fight for equal rights, by backing different supreme court cases, attempted to integrate the army by issuing executive orders, establishing plans to help fairness in government employment hiring, and help bring the plight of inequality to the public while campaigning. Supreme Court judge Earl Warren also help support the decision with Brown v Board of Education (1954) claiming the psychological effects of segregation against Black children and the failure of the Plessy v Ferguson (1893) 'separate but equal.'
Although most of these laws didn't effect Northern Blacks as much as Southerners, and in many places segregation was still practice in de facto, they still signified the change of rights and brought forth mobilization of the Black community later in the 1960's.
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