Phobias Watch

Aalalba
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Any tips on how I can write the answer to the question:- "Some psychologists argue that phobias are learned just like other behaviour. Evaluate what psychologists have discovered about phobias and include a discussion of the behaviourist explanation of phobias". It's a 12 mark answer so I'm not 100% sure about what to put in the answer.
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Davalla
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(Original post by Aalalba)
Any tips on how I can write the answer to the question:- "Some psychologists argue that phobias are learned just like other behaviour. Evaluate what psychologists have discovered about phobias and include a discussion of the behaviourist explanation of phobias". It's a 12 mark answer so I'm not 100% sure about what to put in the answer.
The behavioural approach suggests that phobias can be learned by conditioning as an alternative to biological development and cognition processes.

An example of phobias via Operant Conditioning (reinforcement):
Being anxious around phobic stimuli, such as heights or spiders, and avoiding them. This prevents the person from being anxious, thus acting as negative reinforcement, so will continue to stay away from the phobic stimuli in the future.

An example of phobias via Classical Conditioning (associations):
Little Albert - Watson and Rayner 1920. A child forcibly associated loud noise to a white rat. Overtime he associated white fluffy animals to loud noises, thus being scared upon seeing them, thus avoiding them.

The approach is justified by behavioural therapy, such as Systematic Desensitization, which have a clear effect in treating phobias, but has no consideration for genetics or thought processes.



This should provide a good foundation to start with. Begin by discussing what the approach says, then imply research, and then evaluate the research and approach in general.
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saratheawesome
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Hi! Some psychologists argue that phobias are indeed learnt due to factors such as role models e.g. Parents. If you see your mother being constantly afraid of spiders you may identify the spider as being dangerous. This then after a while conditions you to also be afraid of spiders due to vicarious reinforcement. The loser above used a good example. Don't forget to use psychology terminology such as role model, identification, vicarious reinforcement. Hope that helped!
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saratheawesome
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I'm so sorry I meant user above! Sorry, typo!
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Davalla
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(Original post by saratheawesome)
Hi! Some psychologists argue that phobias are indeed learnt due to factors such as role models e.g. Parents. If you see your mother being constantly afraid of spiders you may identify the spider as being dangerous.
Be careful with the wording here though, as you don't want to mistake the behavioural approach with the social learning theory.

Thanks for calling me a loser, by the way!
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saratheawesome
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Ah yeah sorry your answer was tonnes better! And I'm so so sorry!! It was an accident! I think your great really!
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Davalla
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(Original post by saratheawesome)
Ah yeah sorry your answer was tonnes better! And I'm so so sorry!! It was an accident! I think your great really!
Much appreciated! And I am certain that you are equally as great, if not greater.
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saratheawesome
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(Original post by Davalla)
Much appreciated! And I am certain that you are equally as great, if not greater.
Aw shucks you're too kind are you studying psychology at university? You seem to have a real passion for it
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Davalla
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(Original post by saratheawesome)
are you studying psychology at university? You seem to have a real passion for it
Not currently, the passion is just a natural occurrence.
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Aalalba
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(Original post by Davalla)
The behavioural approach suggests that phobias can be learned by conditioning as an alternative to biological development and cognition processes.

An example of phobias via Operant Conditioning (reinforcement):
Being anxious around phobic stimuli, such as heights or spiders, and avoiding them. This prevents the person from being anxious, thus acting as negative reinforcement, so will continue to stay away from the phobic stimuli in the future.

An example of phobias via Classical Conditioning (associations):
Little Albert - Watson and Rayner 1920. A child forcibly associated loud noise to a white rat. Overtime he associated white fluffy animals to loud noises, thus being scared upon seeing them, thus avoiding them.

The approach is justified by behavioural therapy, such as Systematic Desensitization, which have a clear effect in treating phobias, but has no consideration for genetics or thought processes.



This should provide a good foundation to start with. Begin by discussing what the approach says, then imply research, and then evaluate the research and approach in general.
Hi, Thank you so much Sorry I took long to reply haha, but thank you again
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Aalalba
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(Original post by saratheawesome)
Hi! Some psychologists argue that phobias are indeed learnt due to factors such as role models e.g. Parents. If you see your mother being constantly afraid of spiders you may identify the spider as being dangerous. This then after a while conditions you to also be afraid of spiders due to vicarious reinforcement. The loser above used a good example. Don't forget to use psychology terminology such as role model, identification, vicarious reinforcement. Hope that helped!
Yea it helped. Thanks so much
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