Describe the Cognitive Approach in Psychology and Evaluate its Research MethodsWatch
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These negative views are caused by 3 factors: Negative Schemas, Cognity Biases and the Cognitive Triad.
Negative Schemas, are our beliefs about the world, its like a packet of information which is unique to each of us, and we all have thousands of schemas in our mind. Self Schemas are beliefs we have about ourselves, These can be, "I am rubbish at everything. I'm going to fail all my exams." etc. Negative self schemas are very hard to change because even if you told them they aren't bad, they will not try, because they always see failing, even if they try hard they still fail, which will be very hard to change. Negative schemas link to Beck's Cognitive Triad.
Negative view of the self --> Negative view of the future --> negative view of the world (they can be in any order and any direction)
He believes that negative self-schemas lead to depression. They are difficult to change but with therapy, it is possible.
Cognitive Biases are negative thoughts which are unconscious and rapid responses to certain situations. These prevent the person from focusing on the positive side of life so reinforce their negative views.
There are two Cognitive Biases: Minimisation - minimising success in life: Attributing good exam results to luck. AND Maximisation - maximising the importance of trivial failures. Thinking you're stupid if you fail to complete a Sudoku. Maximisation is kind of an exaggeration .
The Cognitive Biases link to Elli's ABC model which suggests that (A) an activating event is affected by (B) an individuals belief which results in (C) a consequence.
If beliefs are a subject to cognitive biases, then they can cause rational thinking which may produce undesirable behaviour.
Let me know if you need the evaluation of it, but this is about it.
Not that hard.
Hope this helped a little -3-