Don't understand any of these policies! Sustainability - please help!!! Watch

Maya331
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I understand the opening in the textbook, it says:

Developed countries continue to demand resources for their populations in increasing amounts while less developed countries are supplying resources that make the developed countries more affluent.


Fair enough! Not easy to read but it's understandable. But then there are "supra-national policies" - supporters of sustainability feel these policies should come into force:

I've put the bits I really don't know in bold - whenever I google these it comes with even more complicated language I don't understand.

The most important part is giving our opinions on each policy - haven't got any opinions because I don't understand anyof it!

"Supra-national Policies"

  • States should support an open economic system




  • Trade policies should not involve arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination



  • The environmental and natural resources of people under oppression, domination and occupation should be protected
  • Unilateral actions to address issues should give way to international consensus



  • National authorities should endeavour to promote the internationalisation of environmental costs (taking into account that the polluter should pay)

All help is appreciated!
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Lee17
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Open Economic System - Much like free trade. Developing countries sometimes face high trade tariffs if they want to trade with affluent European countries. This prevents them from exporting their goods to more markets, decreasing the possible money they take from exports decreasing their development. While on the other side, affluent nations trade internally with each other with little to no trade tariffs, while also trading with the developing nations they exclude from trading their stuff to them.

Trade Polices - Can easily be googled, just the polices which countries or trading blocs make to put regulations, controls etc on trading internally and externally.

International consensus - Actions to address trade discrimination, should be accepted by the world (or at least the UN) and should be implemented in all nations.

Internationalisation of environmental costs - Basically what it says, the polluters should pay the damages and should be the ones to have the controls placed on how much more they can develop and pollute, while developing nations should be allowed to develop while still polluting, as developing regions account 'currently' for a smaller percentage of the entire world pollution than developed nations (e.g. America, China, Australia)

Hope I helped abit.
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Maya331
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(Original post by Lee17)
Open Economic System - Much like free trade. Developing countries sometimes face high trade tariffs if they want to trade with affluent European countries. This prevents them from exporting their goods to more markets, decreasing the possible money they take from exports decreasing their development. While on the other side, affluent nations trade internally with each other with little to no trade tariffs, while also trading with the developing nations they exclude from trading their stuff to them.

Trade Polices - Can easily be googled, just the polices which countries or trading blocs make to put regulations, controls etc on trading internally and externally.

International consensus - Actions to address trade discrimination, should be accepted by the world (or at least the UN) and should be implemented in all nations.

Internationalisation of environmental costs - Basically what it says, the polluters should pay the damages and should be the ones to have the controls placed on how much more they can develop and pollute, while developing nations should be allowed to develop while still polluting, as developing regions account 'currently' for a smaller percentage of the entire world pollution than developed nations (e.g. America, China, Australia)

Hope I helped abit.
You helped A LOT! I'm becoming a lot more used to those kind of phrases now
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kickass112
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Anyone doing AS geography with OCR

I cant find a revision guide by CGP for this spec

its really annoying and I cant understand why they dont make one
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