Bolsheviks seizure of powerWatch
hi! im new with this so please can someone help me! Right now I'm studying russian history and I need to do an essay about the bolsheviks seizure of power. Was lenin the main reason for it? Could you give me some information about it? Thanks!
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In early 1917 there was a revolution and Tsar Nicholas II abdicated and there was no one from the Romanov family willing to take over. They had ruled for over 100 years.
A provisional government was formed with members from the Octoberists and the Kadets parties, but not the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks set up the Petrograd Soviet and this resulted in a dual authority.
In October 1917, the Bolsheviks overthrew the Provisional Government. On the 6th November, the Bolsheviks Red Guards took telephone exchanges and bridges and the next day the Provisional Government leaders were arrested. Lenin declared a communist power the next day.
Lenin was a very big reason for the revolution, but not the only one. He was organised, determined and focused which meant the whole revolution was really well planned.
Another reason was the fact that the Provisional Government were so weak (there were still famines, peasants revolting, they didn't have control over the army, they were trapped in a dual authority situation and they didn't allow Bolshevik members in the Provisional Government which meant that the Bolsheviks got even more determined to seize power.
The Bolsheviks had the Red Guards, their own private army.
The Germans gave Lenin money because they thought he would pull Russia out the war. The money was used for propaganda and equipment. The main slogan was "Peace, Land and Bread" which was so simple that anyone could understand it so they had a lot more support that the Provisional Government who were seen as weak.
Hope this helps a little xx