for the essay do the quotations count in the word count or are they excluded?
Did you sue your teacher for teaching you wrong things? You can easily get $60,000 if you sued the school/college/uni.
yes, quotes count. unfortunately. so if you have a really long quote, don't quote it whole. Put "beginning couple of words...last couple of words". Or dont put really long quotes, save your words for talking about the text cos chances are the examiner you get wont have the actua book with them so they might not understand what you're talking about if you condense a quote like above.
Footnotes don't count in wordcount but I dont know if you should put quotes in the footnotes. It looks obvious then that you're putting them there because you are over word limit