I'm having issues with the concept of "poetic voice".
I've read definitions stating this refers to the persona or "voice" that speaks the poem....but surely its not always that clear-cut? I understand that the poet might be writing as if he/she is someone else e.g. a character in order to enhance the poem/prove a point, but many poems I've read don't have a clearly defined speaker - purely because who is speaking isn't as relevent as what's being said (in my opinion).
For example, in "To Autumn" (Keats), there's a lot of description and imagery, but not too much to help define it's "poetic voice". In a case like this, is it safe to assume that the speaker is likely to be the poet?
Or am I missing something?!
Also, in poems that appear to lack a more obvious narrator - do you think this takes something away from the poem itself? I like poems to have a purpose or meaning I can root out - without any idea of who's speaking, how can you delve into the poem?
But you can always point out the language and how it's used. This poem is hard because it talks about all aspects of autumn rather than focusing on good/bad aspects. But all poetry is filtered through a subjective point of view, so you can link what is said to his own perceptions and feelings. Basically, why didn't he focus on other aspects of autumn or why do certain things conjure up specific emotions?
The lack of any real specification over the narrative pretty much just means it's Keats himself, so you just have to talk about him. It is much harder than poems with a clear story though, but I've always considered them to have different objectives; some want to tell stories, some want to focus on beautiful or minute details.
Sorry if any/all of that's rubbish. or doesn't help.