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    B734 - Teachers and School Bill 2015 (Second Reading), The Hon Nigel Farage MP

    Teachers and School Act 2015





    An Act to overhaul education in Britain.




    BE IT ENACTED by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

    1: Types of schools

    1) Auxiliary Level
    2) Lower School
    3) Grammar School
    4) Advanced Upper School
    5) Vocational School

    Article I: Auxiliary School

    1: Structure

    1) Existing primary schools will transform into auxiliary schools over the summer of 2022.
    2) From age 6 to 10 incorporating 4 years.
    3) Primary schools will stop emitting children into nursery in 2019 to allow the starting age of auxiliary school to seamlessly move to 6.
    4) Each primary school can continue to operate as normal but from the 1st September 2022 each school will be required to provide 5 hours of teaching time per day.
    5) On transition into an auxiliary school in 2022, each primary school will be limited to a maximum of 200 children.
    6) Class sizes will be limited to 25 children.

    2: Subjects

    1) Children will study basic level Maths and English (reading and writing) with child development programmes developed by the Department of Education as a result of a study.
    2) The aim is to teach the children the very basics giving them a boost come Lower School.

    Article II: Lower School

    1: Structure

    1) From age 10 to age 16 incorporating 6 years.
    2) All schools will be limited to a maximum of 900 pupils
    3) Each class will be limited to a maximum of 25 students
    4) All schools will be required to provide a minimum of 6 hours of teaching per day.

    2: Testing

    1) Informal biannual testing in December and July will take place from ages 11-12 (5th Year).
    2) The tests will be used to identify weak spots.
    3) Testing will be a mixture of verbal tests, a small written test and continuous classroom monitoring from the teacher. The teacher can choose the build-up of assessment.
    4) The result of the assessment carried out by the teacher will be a report card graded with a mark 4 to 10.
    5) Children achieving a 4 will be given one-to-one tutoring, and extra support to help them improve.
    6) Children who score 4 in two report cards in the same school year will be placed in Special Support list.
    7) Special Support will provide additional one-on-one support with a grant for state-funded tutors outside of school.
    8) If the child receives another 4 on the December report card in the following year it is advised they will be asked to re-sit the previous year, but the decision rests with the headteacher of the individual school.

    3: Subjects

    1) In 7th Year children can choose to focus on optional subjects alongside the compulsory subjects they started in 1st Year.
    2) The compulsory subjects are:
    i) Group 1: Maths, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, English Language & Literature
    ii) Group 2: Cookery, Carpentry, Metalwork, ICT
    3) Each Group 1 receive 3 hours of teaching per week.
    4) One Group 2 subject will be chosen by the child and receive 2 hours of teaching per week. The subject is changed each year.
    5) Citizenship (inc. banking, money skills, first aid, using emergency services, road safety, sex education) is compulsory and taught for one hour a week.
    6) Optional subjects are:
    i) History, Geography, Economics, Religious Studies, Music, Art, Design Technology, Language Options
    ii) Children can choose as many optional subjects as their timetable allows.
    7) From 1st Year to 9th Year all children will be required to choose and study two languages on top of English, each for 1.5 hours per week, or one for one language for 3 hours per week.
    i) Options: French, Spanish, German, Mandarin, Italian, Welsh, Gaelic

    4: Advanced Testing

    1) Each subject receives 10 credits upon successful completion in 9th Year.
    2) Children need 100 credits, including credits in all compulsory subjects, to advance to Academic Upper Secondary Schooling.
    3) Any child may choose to attend a Vocational School after completing 9th Year.

    5: Extra-Curricular Activities

    1) State-funded extra-curricular sports schemes will replace physical education in schools.
    2) Homework will be minimal to make time for extra-curricular activities.

    Article III: Grammar School

    1: Structure

    1) From age 7 to age 16 incorporating 9 years
    2) All schools will be limited to a maximum of 900 pupils
    3) Each class will be limited to a maximum of 20 students
    4) Each school will be required to provide minimum of 6 hours of teaching time per day.

    2: Entry

    1) Grammar Schools Entry exams set by a government-controlled exam board will set entry tests to grammar school.
    2) The highest scoring children will be offered a place. The number of applicants is dependent upon the size of the school and places available in the 1st Year.
    3) Children have the opportunity to enter grammar school at any other year level after 1st Year upon completion of a test set by the individual grammar school, and at the grammar school’s decision.
    4) At the end of 9th Year a government-issued test will be available for children wishing to join grammar school instead of Academic Upper School or a Vocational School.
    i) The highest scoring pupils will be offered a place. Additional places up to 10% of the size of the grammar school (10% on top of 900 pupil limit) will be available for new students joining the school.

    3: Internal Testing

    1) Testing will be every two years from 4th Year in July with those who fail being given one chance to re-sit in August.
    2) Failing the re-sit will result in the child being moved to Secondary School.
    3) The internal tests will be set by the school following guidelines laid out by the government exam board setting the entry tests.

    4: Subjects

    1) From 1st Year children will study the following compulsory subjects for 3 hours per week; Maths, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, English Language, English Literature, and two chosen languages.
    2) Citizenship (including banking, money skills, first aid, using emergency services, road safety, and sex education) will be compulsory, and be taught for 1 hour per week.
    3) One of the following will be studies for 1 hour per week and will be chosen by the child: Cookery, Carpentry, Metalwork, and ICT.
    4) Optional subjects are History, Geography, Economics, and further language options with each receiving three hours per week.
    i) Children can choose as many optional subjects as their timetable allows.
    5) From 10th Year onward students will study 6 chosen subjects with 3 hours of teaching per week.

    5: Language Options for subsection 4.5

    1) French, Spanish, German, Mandarin, Italian, Welsh, Gaelic

    Article IV: Academic Upper School

    1: Structure

    1) From age 16 to age 19 incorporating 3 years
    2) All schools will be limited to a maximum of 300 pupils
    3) Each class will be limited to a maximum of 20 students
    4) Lower Schools may be attached to Secondary Schools but the entry requirements will apply to all children.
    5) Each school will be required to provide a minimum of 6 hours of teaching time per day.

    2: Entry

    1) Students are required to have a minimum of 100 credits in total with credits in each compulsory subject.

    3: Subjects

    1) Children may choose to study the following subjects:
    Maths, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Language Options (same as Secondary School), Economics, English, Geography, History, Philosophy, Art, Religious Studies, and additional subjects specific to the school but approved by the Department of Education.
    2) Each subject will receive 6 hours a week of teaching.
    3) Students will choose 5 subjects.

    4: Testing

    1) Pupils will sit Pre-Further Education exams in all of their chose subjects. The exams will be set by the government exam board.
    2) Each paper will be awarded with a percentage score with its own report, and an individual academic report issued by the school allowing universities and employers to have a more complete picture of a pupil’s academic abilities.

    Article V: Technical School

    1: Subjects:

    1) Students have a choice of studying the following:
    Access to further education, accounting, adult essential skills, assessor and internal verifier, bricklaying, business, carpentry, childcare, counselling, digital marketing, DIY, early years education, education, electrical engineering, engineering, home economics, foundation and entry level programmes, graphic design, hair and beauty, Therapy, health and safety, human resources, IT and computing, management, media, music and performing arts, photography, plumbing, psychology, public services, nursing/access to health related course, access to further education science.

    2: Structure

    1) Students may study a maximum of two subjects funded by the state with the optional of studying additional subjects paid for by themselves.

    Article VI: University

    1: Structure

    1) The university year will start in January and finish in December with universities allowed to choose their term dates.
    2) Universities will retain their current level of autonomy with the government only specifying the start of the year.
    3) Funding will continue to be issued in the same way.

    2: Entry

    1) Entry is at a university’s discretion using the government-issued exam in the same way A-levels to admission.

    Article VII: Control

    1) All schools in this bill apart from Technical Schools and Universities will be government owned and operated.
    2) The Department of Education will be responsible for quality management of all schools in England and Wales.
    3) The Local Education Authority be responsible for distributing funding to schools, drawing up catchment areas, and arranging help for special needs children.
    4) Individual school policies and term dates will be drawn up by the school with no input from the LEA.
    5) Each school will be inspected every 3 years.

    Article IX: National Curriculum

    1) The national curriculum will be itemised by the Department of Education covering the specific subjects available.
    2) Individual schools and teachers have control over the teaching methods, the order of teaching, and learning materials used.

    Article X: Teaching Requirements

    1) All teachers at any level will be required to have a degree and a minimum of two year’s application of their subject before applying for a teacher training course.
    2) Teachers teaching 9th Year children or higher will be required to have a Master's degree.
    3) All teachers teaching 9th Year or higher will receive a 10% pay rise.
    4) Individual teachers will be assessed during the school inspections occurring every 2 years.

    Article XI: Short Title, Commencement, and Extent

    1) This bill, when passed, may be referred to as the Teaching and Schools Act 2015
    2) This act shall come into force on the 1st September 2022.
    3) This act shall extend to England and Wales.
    4) This act shall accompany the Grammar Schools Act 2015 and replace all previous education related acts.


    Notes


    Reasoning for university starting in January is to allow students to apply knowing their grades, cutting out the cases where universities reject students based on incorrect grades resulting form marking errors. There will be over 5 months between receiving grades in mid August and starting university in late January allowing plenty of time to apply.

    Educating children from the age of 7 cuts out 4 school years to fund. With 8.3 million children in Britain currently at a state school, and 15 school years, it works out at about 553,000 per school year. Eliminating 4 years from education where the government is spending £4500 per year per pupil, produces an annual saving of nearly £5bn. This saving will be used to fund extra schools, more staff, and extracurricular activities. This is made while starting school later increases learning according to a study by Cambridge University.

    The Department of Education will assess additional subjects in the same way it assesses GCSE and A-level options.

    Changes:

    - Primary schools will be kept and reformed into auxiliary schools to teach basic skills.
    - Starting age is now 6 instead of 7.
    - Refer to the school years as 1st Year etc.. to avoid confusion with the current years while avoiding Americanisation of schools years. Once the changes have been fully implemented a return to the names we have now for the schools years can take place.
    - More individual control for schools. Power has been moved from LEA to schools.
    - Clarity over grading in the early years.
    - Additional subjects added. Essentially DoE will approve the same subjects as already approved. It is impossible to write out every single subject though, so I included the main ones with more to be added in future.
    - Language combinations changed
    - Clarity on role of state in university
    - Corrections on the numbers in both types of schools
    - Teaching qualifications changed for younger children

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    Each school will be required to provide 6 hours of teaching each day
    so we now have a 7 day school week?
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    (Original post by Aph)
    so we now have a 7 day school week?
    :eek:

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    To be fair I'm not massively opposed to that
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    Nay- there are a couple of things I am still not happy with. RS needs to be a compulsory subject. Seriously, we live in a multicultural Britain, and children actually need to know about all of the religions that are practised within the UK, as this will help to decrease the amount of Anti Semitism and Islamophobia that occurs within the UK. And Racism in general.

    History also needs to be compulsory. Firstly, the skills that are taught in history are useful for the future. Secondly, learning about the past means that we as a nation are less likely to repeat the mistakes our ancestors made in the future. Thirdly, it is really fascinating.

    What else- 7 day school weeks are a no no. Also- If universities term time starts in January, and School Term time ends in July, wouldn't uni students have 6 months where they are not doing anything?

    However, I do agree with you about small class sizes.
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    Yes, could you re-distribute the holidays and make the long holiday around Christmas not summer which makes more sense.
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    "Gaelic" is not a language.

    Still nay though.
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    Tempted to say yes, if it's amended to a 6 day week. Teachers have lives too, and need time to mark.
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    No. In my view this is all just needless.

    And the split in subjects at 6th form level is silly.
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    I think you missed how the UCAS process works from the school's point of view. You know all of that preparation through drafting your personal statement, having the form sent back to you so you could make corrections and the referencing process and so forth. Doing that the academic year afterwards is an absolute organisational nightmare, especially with staff moving on, students being on holiday during those 5 months etc.
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    Nay

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    This is in cessation
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    This has gone to a third reading
 
 
 
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