Whaddup, This is an english CA draft on winston chruchill, it quite long, any markers Watch
Churchill’s use of rhetorical questions narrows the options of the audience. ‘What is our policy?’ here Churchill utters the question in a straightforward and direct tone, to make the audience ponder over the obvious answer in which Churchill’s message was based upon, ‘to wage war’. Churchill makes it so that the audience realise it may be hard to accept the idea of war, but is their only option, in hope of ‘survival for all that the British Empire has stood for’. Churchill deliberately reminds the audience and asserts his direction and opinion. He uses ‘our’, a jingoistic method in which Churchill uses to show that their policy has already been decided, everyone must agree with Churchill on his own personal opinion and choice, and it has been decided, ‘that is our policy’. Churchill stresses the language of power effectively through this one question; he forcefully asks a question in which the audience must answer in ‘one word’, war.
Churchill also uses extremely powerful words to convince the audience of the extremity of this ‘crisis’. Churchill fervidly raises his voice when commanding the audience to ‘wage war’. This is followed by the anaphoric and repetitive use of ‘no survival’. Here Churchill suggests that if they do not pursue the war, they will undergo a serious consequence of annihilation. Churchill’s uses hyperbole knowing that it should not be taken literally but is deliberately in order to powerfully evoke strong feelings of the audience.
In addition, Churchill explains to his listeners how war will lead them to a ‘victorious conclusion’. ‘Conclusion’ is used to allude mystery as it reflects openness, he suggests that there is more than one outcome leaving the readers optimistic and hopeful, knowing that they will somehow gain a sense of victory. As well as this, Churchill is being objective and open minded. This is a more sensitive approach as it is an attempt to lower the expectations and appear more realistic. This powerful language is effectively used to stop the audience from assuming a negative resolution to war; and, instead make them think about the possibilities of victory and triumph.
Churchill appeals to the feelings and emotions of the audience, when using his famous quote ‘I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat’. These monosyllabic words are used to make clear the physical, mental and emotional sacrifice Churchill intends to commit to this cause. This use of pathos demonstrates Churchill’s ability to emotionally appeal with his listeners, making the audience almost feel sorry for Churchill, who understand that ‘Blood’ is a result of physical warfare; ‘Toil’ as a result of immense hardship and ‘struggle’; ‘Tears’ are a result of mental fatigue, concern and ‘suffering’; and, ‘Sweat’ as a result of excessive physical labour and action, Churchill offers all of this in one compelling simple sentence. This use of powerful language motivates, inspires and makes the ‘nation’ of Britain gain confidence.
Churchill also uses Biblical language in order to make his message more sincere and amplify its importance and portray the power and ‘strength’ of Britain. ‘With all our might and with all the strength that God can give us’, Churchill uses ‘God’ in order remind the audience of a greater power and provides them with a sense of hope. The use of ‘strength’ indicates the moral power, firmness and courage of the people. This humanises Churchill and makes himself seem more down to earth because he shows his strong faith and belief in ‘God’. Churchill depicts Hitler and his troops as a ‘monstrous tyranny’, which is said emotively, this dehumanises Hitler and Germany and makes the audience feel that they must be stopped ‘at all costs’, because of the problems the audience have suffered due to the ‘dark lamentable catalogue of human crime’ the Nazi army have committed. This is clear use of logos, because Churchill manipulates the audience by using religion to his advantage, and provokes the audience. Christianity was the dominant religion of the 1940’s, so Churchill’s use of Biblical language was necessary in convincing the audience. This all shows Churchill’s ability to reason through his logical way of persuasion using religion. This powerful language is used to effectively appeal to the religion of the people and shows his ability to emotionally move the audience.