HELP! Baddeley 1966 Watch
Participants were given lists of words with similar sounds (e.g. cat, mat...), similar meaning (large, big...) or lists of dissimilar words. Over the short term, there were many errors with similar sounding (acoustically similar) words, but in the long-term, mistakes were made for material with a similar meaning (semantically similar). Baddeley concluded that the STM uses acoustic processing, and LTM uses semantic processing. However, the study is limited in that it only tests memory for words, and visual processing is not accounted for.
(Copied from http://mindsandmodels.blogspot.co.uk/)
However this doesn't seem to make sense to me. Can someone explain why these conslusions on how LTM and STM are encoded are drawn from the results here. Surely difficulty in recalling acoustically similar words would mean STM is unlikely to encode acoustically?
Short term memories are stored acoustically, evidence showing that its more difficult to remember words that sound similar tell us that sound is important for storing short term memories or it wouldn't matter how they sounded.
I get what you mean though, it does read a bit odd.
Hope that makes sense