Geography edexcel Unit 4 Human health and pollution help!! Watch

Georgiacarte12
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We got given the prerelease and I am doing the question on human health risk, the prerelease material is:

"Explore the role of economic development and other factors on the degree of healthrisk.
Research the range of contrasting health risks in countries at different levels ofeconomic development."

What are people focussing on? Have you got any ideas of what to write about? Im totally stumped!
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melissafrat
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It seems pretty straightforward but it's such a broad topic - everything links into it! That could be a bad thing, but it just means that so many more case studies are relevant to it!

For example, in the case of a natural disaster which poses a risk to a population, the economic infrastructure and development of a country is largely responsible for the way in which it can deal with natural disasters - LEDCs/LICs would most likely be at a higher risk because of this. Does that kinda make sense??

But don't just focus on that aspect of Unit 4 - look at all four of the enquiry questions because again, it is quite a broad topic!

Don't worry too much - we still still have a lot of time until the exam - when I find some relevant and helpful case studies, I will be sure to post them on here!
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beckycrombie13
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I'm doing the same option and completely stumped too! I got told to research a few health problems then link them back to development so that's what I'm starting with.
The World Health Organisation website has a lot of information on it too so it's worth a look on there
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matteosag176
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My teacher is pretty good at figuring out what the exam questions are going to be based on the pre-release material (in the past 4 years she has pretty much got it bang on the money). One of the possible questions that she came up for this year based on the pre-release was;

"Assess the extent to which the severity of health risks can be related to economic development"

I know it's not 100% going to be that in the exam, but comparing it to the pre-release stuff it seems like a pretty legit question that could come up. Going off of that question then I'm looking at cases studies that show a range of different health risks between LEDC's and MEDC's and why they are endemic to that level of development. For example some case studies I'm using are; Type 2 diabetes in the United Kingdom (MEDC) and HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa (LEDC) for human health risks, and Fukushima and Chernobyl nuclear disasters (MEDC) and Shanghai waterway pollution (LEDC) for physical health risks.

Obviously you need to look at other aspects too that are more dependent on levels of development i.e. access to health care, levels of education etc. but using those case studies you can sort of weave it in when you are talking about them.

What do I mean by that? Well for example, when I'm going to talk about HIV/AIDS I'll state that they reason it is so prevalent in Africa is due to their levels of development meaning that no one is educated about the disease blah blah blah etc etc, but then you can spin that around and say that in the United Kingdom where health care is free and we are all educated and it's lovely and developed, there are different health risks present. However instead of being caused due to a lack of development these health risks are actually due to us being more developed, like Type 2 diabetes which is caused by a more decadent lifestyle. Then you compare those two case studies assessing the severity, bringing in your stats, figures and key words to fluff it out a bit and boom... you've established a link between two different health risks in two countries with varying levels of development with managing to refer to differences in severity. Then you repeat the whole thing over again with the physical health risks.

Well that's what I'm doing anyway, I hope the case studies at least are somewhere for you guys to start out
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melissafrat
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(Original post by matteosag176)
My teacher is pretty good at figuring out what the exam questions are going to be based on the pre-release material (in the past 4 years she has pretty much got it bang on the money). One of the possible questions that she came up for this year based on the pre-release was;

"Assess the extent to which the severity of health risks can be related to economic development"

I know it's not 100% going to be that in the exam, but comparing it to the pre-release stuff it seems like a pretty legit question that could come up. Going off of that question then I'm looking at cases studies that show a range of different health risks between LEDC's and MEDC's and why they are endemic to that level of development. For example some case studies I'm using are; Type 2 diabetes in the United Kingdom (MEDC) and HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa (LEDC) for human health risks, and Fukushima and Chernobyl nuclear disasters (MEDC) and Shanghai waterway pollution (LEDC) for physical health risks.

Obviously you need to look at other aspects too that are more dependent on levels of development i.e. access to health care, levels of education etc. but using those case studies you can sort of weave it in when you are talking about them.

What do I mean by that? Well for example, when I'm going to talk about HIV/AIDS I'll state that they reason it is so prevalent in Africa is due to their levels of development meaning that no one is educated about the disease blah blah blah etc etc, but then you can spin that around and say that in the United Kingdom where health care is free and we are all educated and it's lovely and developed, there are different health risks present. However instead of being caused due to a lack of development these health risks are actually due to us being more developed, like Type 2 diabetes which is caused by a more decadent lifestyle. Then you compare those two case studies assessing the severity, bringing in your stats, figures and key words to fluff it out a bit and boom... you've established a link between two different health risks in two countries with varying levels of development with managing to refer to differences in severity. Then you repeat the whole thing over again with the physical health risks.

Well that's what I'm doing anyway, I hope the case studies at least are somewhere for you guys to start out
Thank you this is so useful!!! DO you have any particular models that you've learned which you think would fit in particularly well with your predicted question? Like the epidemiological model etc etc
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matteosag176
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To go into detail about the ones I've researched would take ages BUT... I do have a report that I wrote because of the sheer lack of material that there was on this unit that I am more than happy to share with you guys, all of the models are in that If you message me your emails I'll forward it to you, if not, the epidemiological transition model, environmental Kuznets curve and spatial diffusion models are a good place to start out
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parsyyy
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To what extent do you guys think this exam question will be similar to January 2013? The prerelease looks pretty much the same in my opinion..thoughts?
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ijc1
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(Original post by parsyyy)
To what extent do you guys think this exam question will be similar to January 2013? The prerelease looks pretty much the same in my opinion..thoughts?
Yes exactly what I thought! do you have any ideas of the case studies you are doing? I am soo lost. I don't know if I should set out my framework by level of economic development so HIC, NIC, LIC, or type of health risk so Infectious diseases, chronic diseases, pollution etc. :confused:
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parsyyy
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(Original post by ijc1)
Yes exactly what I thought! do you have any ideas of the case studies you are doing? I am soo lost. I don't know if I should set out my framework by level of economic development so HIC, NIC, LIC, or type of health risk so Infectious diseases, chronic diseases, pollution etc. :confused:
I think i will be doing it by type of health risk and comparing 2/3 countries in each part
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yasmin1996mur
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(Original post by parsyyy)
I think i will be doing it by type of health risk and comparing 2/3 countries in each part
Hi, my teacher is really not helping us so I'm a little confused.
Do you think we should compare different countries with the same type of health risk eg Ebola in UK and in Sierra Leone ? I originally was going to just talk about the different health risks in the contrasting countries. Ahhh 😓
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parsyyy
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(Original post by yasmin1996mur)
Hi, my teacher is really not helping us so I'm a little confused.
Do you think we should compare different countries with the same type of health risk eg Ebola in UK and in Sierra Leone ? I originally was going to just talk about the different health risks in the contrasting countries. Ahhh 😓
Thats what I am doing, it worked out pretty well in my mock! so compare obesity in the US/UK with a less developed country
compare HIV/AIDS between a developing country and a developed one

and so on....

hope this has helped

good luck!!!
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yasmin1996mur
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(Original post by parsyyy)
Thats what I am doing, it worked out pretty well in my mock! so compare obesity in the US/UK with a less developed country
compare HIV/AIDS between a developing country and a developed one

and so on....

hope this has helped

good luck!!!
Thanks a lot!
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