# Thermodynamics A2 help

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#1
I'm in desperate need of some help!

I'm sitting an exam when I go back on Thermodynamics (temperature change graphs - read the change off the graph to do calculations on it) and I need some recap on q=mc^t and what I put into it. Please help!
0
5 years ago
#2
What's the problem? I'll give a quick overview!

q = mc (delta T)

q = heat energy absorbed/evolved (J)
m = mass of substance (g)
c = heat capacity (J g ^-1 K^-1)
delta T = temperature change

Example question: 100 g of water is heated from 25°C to 75°C on an electric heater. How much energy is transferred in this process? Assume the heat capacity of water is 4.18 J g^-1 K^-1.

Easy!

m = 100
c = 4.18
delta T = 50

q = mc (delta T)
= (100)(4.18)(50)
= 20 900 J = +20.9 kJ (DON'T FORGET THE POSITIVE SIGN - Endothermic process, heat is absorbed!)

A beaker of water is cooled from 65°C to 35°C. Calorimeter suggests that 37.62 kJ of heat energy is given off in this process. Assuming that no energy is lost (the energy measured is 100% of the energy given off), calculate the mass of the water in the beaker.

Easy again - simply rearrange for mass!

If q = mc deltaT, then m = q / c deltaT

q = -37 620
c = 4.18 (same substance!)
delta T = -30

m = (- 37 620) / (4.18)(-30)
= 300 g of water!
0
#3
(Original post by mobius323)
What's the problem? I'll give a quick overview!

q = mc (delta T)

q = heat energy absorbed/evolved (J)
m = mass of substance (g)
c = heat capacity (J g ^-1 K^-1)
delta T = temperature change

Example question: 100 g of water is heated from 25°C to 75°C on an electric heater. How much energy is transferred in this process? Assume the heat capacity of water is 4.18 J g^-1 K^-1.

Easy!

m = 100
c = 4.18
delta T = 50

q = mc (delta T)
= (100)(4.18)(50)
= 20 900 J = +20.9 kJ (DON'T FORGET THE POSITIVE SIGN - Endothermic process, heat is absorbed!)

A beaker of water is cooled from 65°C to 35°C. Calorimeter suggests that 37.62 kJ of heat energy is given off in this process. Assuming that no energy is lost (the energy measured is 100% of the energy given off), calculate the mass of the water in the beaker.

Easy again - simply rearrange for mass!

If q = mc deltaT, then m = q / c deltaT

q = -37 620
c = 4.18 (same substance!)
delta T = -30

m = (- 37 620) / (4.18)(-30)
= 300 g of water!
Thanks!

Quick question. When it's a powder being added to a known substance of acid, what's the weight? Is it the acid weight, the powder weight, or both added together?
0
5 years ago
#4
(Original post by WishfulDesire)
Thanks!

Quick question. When it's a powder being added to a known substance of acid, what's the weight? Is it the acid weight, the powder weight, or both added together?
0
5 years ago
#5
(Original post by mobius323)
What's the problem? I'll give a quick overview!

q = mc (delta T)

q = heat energy absorbed/evolved (J)
m = mass of substance (g)
c = heat capacity (J g ^-1 K^-1)
delta T = temperature change

Example question: 100 g of water is heated from 25°C to 75°C on an electric heater. How much energy is transferred in this process? Assume the heat capacity of water is 4.18 J g^-1 K^-1.

Easy!

m = 100
c = 4.18
delta T = 50

q = mc (delta T)
= (100)(4.18)(50)
= 20 900 J = +20.9 kJ (DON'T FORGET THE POSITIVE SIGN - Endothermic process, heat is absorbed!)

A beaker of water is cooled from 65°C to 35°C. Calorimeter suggests that 37.62 kJ of heat energy is given off in this process. Assuming that no energy is lost (the energy measured is 100% of the energy given off), calculate the mass of the water in the beaker.

Easy again - simply rearrange for mass!

If q = mc deltaT, then m = q / c deltaT

q = -37 620
c = 4.18 (same substance!)
delta T = -30

m = (- 37 620) / (4.18)(-30)
= 300 g of water!
I thought an increase in temp. was exothermic giving a minus sign and vice versa ???
0
5 years ago
#6
The answer must be negative because the temperature increased
0
#7
(Original post by Lallana 11)
My last question (I promise!) If there's a substance that's 1 mole of the substance to 2 moles of HCl, how do you work out the weight? Is it the same weight and different q?
0
5 years ago
#8
Umm not sure what you mean but the reaction equation doesn't make a difference when you use the weight in the q=mc(delta)T
You just add the mass of the substance to the volume of acid that they've used , eg 5g of solid in 50 cm^3 of HCl
Means you just add 5 and 50 =55g
1
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