OCR BIO AS: Classification: taxanomy and phylogenyWatch
Organisms are sorted into groups by classification in a process called taxanomy so we can understand them and see the key characteristics and features they share. Taxanomy involves placing them into taxa units which are:
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus and Species. Each species is given a binomal name (a two part latin name) with the first past (the genus name) with a capital letter and the species name with a non-capital in italics (or unerlined in the exam)
Phylogeny is the study of the evolutionary relationships between organisms which brings me to this point... can someone help me with phylogeny? no matter how many times I try, I can't seem to crack it, any help?
as a consequence these groups reflect evolutionary or phylogenetic relationships.
I think phylogeny is about how closely related are different species, and how recently their common ancestors have lived. evolution distance is part of this too, if their common ancestor has recently lived, the evolutionary distance between the two species are short