Hungarian uprising 1956 (cold war)Watch this thread
(edexcel history gcse)5s
-Hope this helps, x
Could you please explain that in a little less detail, that would;d be really awesome as I need to write small bullet points and I can't really spot any small ones that I could put in revision cards.
Hungary suffered under the rule of the soviet union. Some of the food and industrial products were shipped off to Russia, and their standard of living was quite poor. The Hungarian leader Rakosi was widely disliked as his way of rule was harsh.
Through 1947-1953 Rakosi kept 'control' through:
In 1956, after poor harvests and bread shortages, the Hungarian population began to revolt; they destroyed statues of Stalin and attacked the local communists.
When Stalin died, Malenkov/Khrushchev replace Rakosi with Imre Nagy, who was much more liberal in hopes that it would deescalate the situation.
Nagy proposed these reforms:
-Hungary would leave the Warsaw pact and become neutral
-Hungary would have free elections, meaning no more Communist Government.
-Hungary would gain protection against the Soviets from the UN.
Khrushchev felt threatened by this as he feared that one country leaving the Warsaw pact would cause the others to follow suit. He thought communist rule was under threat, and used the slaughtering of Hungarian Communists as propaganda against Nagy.
On the 4th of November 1956, Khrushchev sent 200000 Soviet troops into Hungary to depose Nagy. Over 5000 Hungarians were killed. Nagy was arrested and executed, as a warning to other countries that they should not try to rebel. He was replaced with Janos Kadar, who imposed a modified form of communist rule which was begrudgingly accepted by the Hungarians, as they were aware that they would not get help from the US.
Reactions and consequences:
-UN condemmed the USSR's actions.
-Some countries boycotted the 1956 Olympics.
-The USA did accept refugees and supported the Hungarians with money and aid, but did not send military troops as that would risk nuclear war.
-Satellite states recognised that the USA would not fully defend them against the Soviet union so they did not try to revolt and Soviet control tightened.
Might not be helpful, take from it what you will. That's the whole of it, though.