teexxx
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#1
Report Thread starter 7 years ago
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Can someone pls give me a list of the differences and similarities between Labour & Conservative policies? Would be really helpful, thanks xx
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zzinah
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Report 7 years ago
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I found this online - should help!How similar or different are the main politicalparties?
Labour
Conservative
Lib-Dems
Origins
n Labour party formed from a variety of socialist organisations including: Independent Labour Party, Fabians & Trade Union Congress (TUC) n Formed to represent working classes at a time when they did not have the vote – all men over age of 21 only given vote in 1918 n Opposed to radical reform & violent change, e.g. opposed French Revolution, Edmund Burke – father of modern conservatism n Supported national institutions & traditions, e.g. monarchy & parliament n Belief in firm government and law & order n Pragmatic – need to win elections by appealing to broad range of people led to 66 years in power in C20th n Liber – means ‘free’ n Nineteenth century Liberalism – associated with freedom of individual, equality, govt by popular consent & tolerance n Modern day Lib-Dem Party – formed in 1988 with merger of Liberal Party & Social Democratic Party (SDP)
Party ideology
n Labour Party Constitution written in 1918 n Clause IV of Constitution provided clear commitment to public ownership of key industries and redistribution of wealth n Decline in far left-wing ideas with fall of Communism & rise of alternative ideologies, e.g. Thatcherism n Neil Kinnock attempted to modernise the party, e.g. move away from nationalisation towards social justice n Tony Blair reinvented party – New Labour, rewrote Clause IV, spoke of ‘hand-up rather than hand out’ n One Nation Conservatism – origins Disraeli; preservation of NHS & Welfare State; consensus politics n Economic liberalism – free market economics; ‘rolling back the frontiers of the state’; growth of New Right in USA (Reagan) n Thatcherism – anti-trades unions; privatisation of state-owned industries; anti-communist (Cold War) n Thatcherite legacy – successors struggled to move away from her influence, including John Major, Hague, IDS & Michael Howard n Early C20th – Labour adopted Liberal reforms, e.g. on National Insurance as part of Welfare State n Later C20th – New Right adopted Liberal principles on economy – promoting laissez faire and freedom from state intervention in business n Pro-European – supporters of Euro & closer integration
Recent developments
n 1994-2007 Tony Blair modernised party - ‘New Labour’, ‘Third Way’, ‘hand up rather than hand-out’, public-private partnerships, equality of opportunity not income AND ALSO – minimum wage, NHS, constitutional reform n 1997 landslide victory, 43.2% (179 seat majority) n 2005 GE victory 35% (66 seat majority) n 2010 Ed Miliband – ‘Red Ed’ won through TU support, suggesting move back to left n Compassionate Conservatism – Cameron’s ‘hug a hoody’ & green credentials n Repositioning – move towards centre ground, ‘heir to Blair’, support for frontline public services, e.g NHS, pupil premium n Big Society – reduction in size of state; ‘broken society’ rhetoric n Lib-Lab Pact – 1976-8, Liberal spokesmen consulted by Labour ministers on key legislation n Lib-Dems, 1988 - new party formed with members of Labour right (SDP) n Growth in support – distinctive policies, e.g. anti-war, tuition fees & pro-Europe, e.g. 2005 won 22% vote (62 MPs) n Move to right – embracing market principles, traditional Conservative territory n Move to left – championing abolition of tuition fees & civil liberties issues, e.g. opposition to Anti-Terrorism legislation n Pragmatism – adoption of middle way in UK politics n Coalition government – criticism over compromises to manifesto pledges, allegations they lack mandate, e.g. increases to tuition top up fees
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