I'm going to quote in Tank Girl now so she can move your thread to the right place if it's needed.
does anyone know the actual definitions for correlational analysis and correlation coefficient? i can't find them anywhere.
Correlation coefficient: It's where you have two or more sets of data/scores for the same people or groups you're working on. By doing that, you can work out the direction and degree (positive/negative and how strong it is) of the two variables.