Can someone please tell me why the bolsheviks were successful in 1917?
Simple explanation please
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- Thread Starter
- 10-11-2015 21:30
- 11-11-2015 23:23
Is this for coursework (OCR B History)?
- 13-11-2015 17:32
- The Provisional Government in the Winter Palace were ill-prepared for an attack. They were an unelected (by the Russian population) temporary body, and had limited control over the country (sharing power in Petrograd with the Soviets). They had very little support, and most people wanted them gone.
- The Bolsheviks had control and the support of the armed forces (Russian army and Red Guard). Russian soldiers didn't support the PG, so getting them to fight for or with the Bolsheviks was relatively easy. Although the Red Guard was not as trained or disciplined as the army, Kerensky had armed them during the Kornilov revolt.
- Few other political parties had the support of the proletariat - partly because most other parties wanted to keep fighting the war despite the harm it caused the Russians. This was incredibly unpopular with the proletariat, which meant that the Bolsheviks would be faced with little to no resistance from ordinary people if they tried to take over.
- The people were unhappy that general elections were being delayed, and no other party offered as much clear leadership as the Bolsheviks did, which meant support for them increased. By this point, Russia was practically in a state of anarchy, and so many people welcomed a government run by a political party which would (hopefully) run the country properly.