# M2 Energy Question of a rotating rod Watch

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Hi there, I'm having trouble with a question in the oxbox textbook for edexcel.

14. A particle of mass m is attached to the end A of a light rod OA of length a. O is freely hinged to a fixed point and the rod is held in a horizontal position before being released. If the particle had been intially projected downwards with speed u, find the value of u for which the rod would just tracel round a complete circle.

I think it would travel around a circle radius a and the angular velocity is constant. The change in GPE would be 0 as there is no change in height if it travels a complete circle. But this is all i can gather so far.

Thanks,

PS the answer is sqrt(2ga)

14. A particle of mass m is attached to the end A of a light rod OA of length a. O is freely hinged to a fixed point and the rod is held in a horizontal position before being released. If the particle had been intially projected downwards with speed u, find the value of u for which the rod would just tracel round a complete circle.

I think it would travel around a circle radius a and the angular velocity is constant. The change in GPE would be 0 as there is no change in height if it travels a complete circle. But this is all i can gather so far.

Thanks,

PS the answer is sqrt(2ga)

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#2

(Original post by

Hi there, I'm having trouble with a question in the oxbox textbook for edexcel.

14. A particle of mass m is attached to the end A of a light rod OA of length a. O is freely hinged to a fixed point and the rod is held in a horizontal position before being released. If the particle had been intially projected downwards with speed u, find the value of u for which the rod would just tracel round a complete circle.

I think it would travel around a circle radius a and the angular velocity is constant. The change in GPE would be 0 as there is no change in height if it travels a complete circle. But this is all i can gather so far.

Thanks,

PS the answer is sqrt(2ga)

**kennz**)Hi there, I'm having trouble with a question in the oxbox textbook for edexcel.

14. A particle of mass m is attached to the end A of a light rod OA of length a. O is freely hinged to a fixed point and the rod is held in a horizontal position before being released. If the particle had been intially projected downwards with speed u, find the value of u for which the rod would just tracel round a complete circle.

I think it would travel around a circle radius a and the angular velocity is constant. The change in GPE would be 0 as there is no change in height if it travels a complete circle. But this is all i can gather so far.

Thanks,

PS the answer is sqrt(2ga)

EDIT: The question does say projected downwards though, so it is quite clear.

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#3

when it reaches the horizontal again it must have sufficient KE to continue to the highest point.

the KE at the horizontal will equal the KE at the start which is 0.5 m u

the KE at the horizontal will equal the KE at the start which is 0.5 m u

^{2}
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(Original post by

when it reaches the horizontal again it must have sufficient KE to continue to the highest point.

the KE at the horizontal will equal the KE at the start which is 0.5 m a

**the bear**)when it reaches the horizontal again it must have sufficient KE to continue to the highest point.

the KE at the horizontal will equal the KE at the start which is 0.5 m a

^{2}
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#5

(Original post by

So you would equate 0.5a^2 and 0.5u^2? I dont really understand what you mean, sorry.

**kennz**)So you would equate 0.5a^2 and 0.5u^2? I dont really understand what you mean, sorry.

^{2}

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#7

(Original post by

Oh right haha. Yes I know this but i need to get an answer of sqrt(2ga) and I just cant get it. The rod would travel a distance of the circumference of the circle which is 2*pi*a...

**kennz**)Oh right haha. Yes I know this but i need to get an answer of sqrt(2ga) and I just cant get it. The rod would travel a distance of the circumference of the circle which is 2*pi*a...

^{2}

this must exactly match the increase in GPE as it reaches the top...

this increase is mgh... see if you can continue...

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#8

**kennz**)

Hi there, I'm having trouble with a question in the oxbox textbook for edexcel.

14. A particle of mass m is attached to the end A of a light rod OA of length a. O is freely hinged to a fixed point and the rod is held in a horizontal position before being released. If the particle had been intially projected downwards with speed u, find the value of u for which the rod would just tracel round a complete circle.

I think it would travel around a circle radius a and the angular velocity is constant. The change in GPE would be 0 as there is no change in height if it travels a complete circle. But this is all i can gather so far.

Thanks,

PS the answer is sqrt(2ga)

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(Original post by

so the KE as it is just about to move above the horizontal is 0.5 m u

this must exactly match the increase in GPE as it reaches the top...

this increase is mgh... see if you can continue...

**the bear**)so the KE as it is just about to move above the horizontal is 0.5 m u

^{2}this must exactly match the increase in GPE as it reaches the top...

this increase is mgh... see if you can continue...

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There's another question I'm having trouble with too.

A light rod AB of length 3a has particles of mass m attached at A and B. The rod rotates in a vertical plane about O where OA=a. The rod is held in a horizontal position and then released. Find the maxium speed of B in the subsequent motion.

Answer is sqrt(2ga/3)

Thanks again

I've had a go and got this:

change in GPE for particle at A = -mga and change in GPE for particle at B =2mga

Change in KE for particle at A = o.5mv^2 and change in KE for particle at B = mv^2

equate KE and GPE and you get the answer but Im not sure this is correct.

A light rod AB of length 3a has particles of mass m attached at A and B. The rod rotates in a vertical plane about O where OA=a. The rod is held in a horizontal position and then released. Find the maxium speed of B in the subsequent motion.

Answer is sqrt(2ga/3)

Thanks again

I've had a go and got this:

change in GPE for particle at A = -mga and change in GPE for particle at B =2mga

Change in KE for particle at A = o.5mv^2 and change in KE for particle at B = mv^2

equate KE and GPE and you get the answer but Im not sure this is correct.

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**the bear**)

so the KE as it is just about to move above the horizontal is 0.5 m u

^{2}

this must exactly match the increase in GPE as it reaches the top...

this increase is mgh... see if you can continue...

A light rod AB of length 3a has particles of mass m attached at A and B. The rod rotates in a vertical plane about O where OA=a. The rod is held in a horizontal position and then released. Find the maxium speed of B in the subsequent motion.

Answer is sqrt(2ga/3)

Thanks again

I've had a go and got this:

change in GPE for particle at A = -mga and change in GPE for particle at B =2mga

Change in KE for particle at A = o.5mv^2 and change in KE for particle at B = mv^2

equate KE and GPE and you get the answer but Im not sure this is correct.

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(Original post by

is O between A and B or to one side ?

**the bear**)is O between A and B or to one side ?

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#14

i would say replace the rod with a point mass at the midpoint, so 0.5a from 0.

this mass gains KE as it falls. the maximum KE must be at the bottom... it has fallen 0.5a downwards...

so you can find the v for this midpoint and then scale it up for the end point B

this mass gains KE as it falls. the maximum KE must be at the bottom... it has fallen 0.5a downwards...

so you can find the v for this midpoint and then scale it up for the end point B

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(Original post by

i would say replace the rod with a point mass at the midpoint, so 0.5a from 0.

this mass gains KE as it falls. the maximum KE must be at the bottom... it has fallen 0.5a downwards...

so you can find the v for this midpoint and then scale it up for the end point B

**the bear**)i would say replace the rod with a point mass at the midpoint, so 0.5a from 0.

this mass gains KE as it falls. the maximum KE must be at the bottom... it has fallen 0.5a downwards...

so you can find the v for this midpoint and then scale it up for the end point B

since there

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#16

so 2m*g*0.5a = 0.5*2m*v

^{2}

which looks equivalent to your version...

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(Original post by

the COM only falls 0.5a

so 2m*g*0.5a = 0.5*2m*v

which looks equivalent to your version...

**the bear**)the COM only falls 0.5a

so 2m*g*0.5a = 0.5*2m*v

^{2}which looks equivalent to your version...

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#18

(Original post by

Ohhh ok sorry we havent done much stuff with reconceptualising it with a point mass. I find it quite weird. The answer is sqrt(2ga/3) so idk where the 3 comes from

**kennz**)Ohhh ok sorry we havent done much stuff with reconceptualising it with a point mass. I find it quite weird. The answer is sqrt(2ga/3) so idk where the 3 comes from

as you move away from the pivot the v increases linearly... since B is 2a from the pivot compared to the COM which is 0.5a from the pivot you can work out the v for B

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(Original post by

at the moment [no pun intended ] we have found the v for the COM.

as you move away from the pivot the v increases linearly... since B is 2a from the pivot compared to the COM which is 0.5a from the pivot you can work out the v for B

**the bear**)at the moment [no pun intended ] we have found the v for the COM.

as you move away from the pivot the v increases linearly... since B is 2a from the pivot compared to the COM which is 0.5a from the pivot you can work out the v for B

0.5&m*v^2 = 2a*m*g ?

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