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Oxidization of Glucose to Glucaric acid Watch

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    OK so Glucose can be oxidized to D-Glucaric acid. This is the way I understand it, 1' Alcohols -> Aldehydes -> Carboxylic Acids.

    (In this reaction its one side of glucose Aldehyde -> Acid and the other side Alcohol>Aldehyde>Acid)

    This reaction has net movement of 2 oxygen atoms being added, and 2 Hydrogens being removed. I always think of Oxidization as = Dehydrogenation because the word "Alderhyde" comes from the word "Alcohol Dehydronation"

    What I dont really get, is how these 2 lone Oxygen atoms that are incoming, are exchanged I need the solution of H2O and HNO3 (Nitric Acid) explained to me.

    Please see my picture

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