Examples of agency and structure?Watch
Structure - think social factors that shape our behaviour. Examples would be the economy of a particular society, or it's gender norms, or its religious culture. It's the idea that behaviour is shaped by external factors and not just a matter of free will. This is the focus of structural, positivist sociology.
Religion is a good example of this debate. Most would say their beliefs are a matter of their own free thought (agency), yet it can't be a coincidence that children born in a Muslim-majority country tend to be Muslims. Our thoughts are both a combination of our free will and a product of the social structure we live in.
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