You are Here: Home >< Maths

# need help 4 emma's dilemma math coursework justification and proof of formula watch

1. can any1 help me with the justification of the emmas dilemma formula?

the formula is:

X!
---- = number of arrangerments
A!B!C! etc.

A/B/C being the the number of repeats
X being number of letters
e.g
aaabb

formula=
5!
----
3!2! (due to 3 a's and 2 b's)

can any1 help me justify and prove this?
2. well look at it this way:

You have X letters to pick
You pick them one by one, and lay them out in the order you pick them
For the first letter there are X possiblities
For the second letter there are X-1 possiblities
and so on, until you have X! different ways of arranging the letters

BUT THEN you notice that some of those are the same - they arent all unique ways of ordering them. Lets say that two of the letters available to choose were the same. That means that for every arrangement of letters, there would be one other identical arrangement - because you could just swap the two matching letters.
OK so what if there was 3 of the same letters. Well then you will have every unique arrangement repeating 6 times, since there are six different ways of order the 3 repeated letters.
So you do X! then divide it by A! where A is the number of duplicated letters

Then the result you get, you can imagine checking it again, and seeing if you have any duplications in the arrangements. If you had another few identical letters available then once again you would have duplications, the number of duplications of each arrangement equaling the number of ways of arranging those letters - so you divide again by B!, and so on
3. that clears things up
thx for help!
4. does ne1 no the format for writing a math coursework?

TSR Support Team

We have a brilliant team of more than 60 Support Team members looking after discussions on The Student Room, helping to make it a fun, safe and useful place to hang out.

This forum is supported by:
Updated: June 23, 2004
Today on TSR

### Are you living on a tight budget at uni?

From budgets to cutbacks...

### University open days

1. Loughborough University
Fri, 21 Sep '18
2. University of Cambridge
Fri, 21 Sep '18
3. Richmond, The American International University in London
Fri, 21 Sep '18
Poll
Useful resources

### Maths Forum posting guidelines

Not sure where to post? Read the updated guidelines here

### How to use LaTex

Writing equations the easy way

### Study habits of A* students

Top tips from students who have already aced their exams