__Bethany__
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Can someone explain the basics of Organic Chemistry?
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KaylaB
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(Original post by __Bethany__)
Can someone explain the basics of Organic Chemistry?
I mean you're going to need to be a bit more specific, that's a giant topic.
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__Bethany__
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(Original post by KaylaB)
I mean you're going to need to be a bit more specific, that's a giant topic.

alkene/alkane??
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Science_Girl
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(Original post by __Bethany__)
alkene/alkane??
Alkenes and alkanes are both hydrocarbons (containing only hydrogen and carbon). Alkanes are straight chain molecules made up of a row of C atoms with H atoms attached. All bonds are single bonds.
Alkenes are similar to alkanes but have a C to C double bond.
Things like alkanols, alkanoic acids etc. follow similar sorts of patterns.

Hope this is what you were looking for. If it's not, let me know and I will try to help.
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KaylaB
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(Original post by __Bethany__)
alkene/alkane??
Both are hydrocarbons, so are just made of Carbon and Hydrogen only.

Alkanes have only single bonds between carbons, and end with ane
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For example this is Propane
Image
Alkenes on the other hand, are the same as Alkanes but have (at least) one double bond between Carbons. These molecules end in ene
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This is Propene Image
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__Bethany__
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(Original post by Science_Girl)
Alkenes and alkanes are both hydrocarbons (containing only hydrogen and carbon). Alkanes are straight chain molecules made up of a row of C atoms with H atoms attached. All bonds are single bonds.
Alkenes are similar to alkanes but have a C to C double bond.
Things like alkanols, alkanoic acids etc. follow similar sorts of patterns.

Hope this is what you were looking for. If it's not, let me know and I will try to help.

thanks
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qasim-98
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(Original post by __Bethany__)
alkene/alkane??
A lot of organic chemistry revolves around a group of molecules called hydrocarbons. These are molecules which contain Carbon and Hydrogen.

Hydrocarbons belong to different homologous series and can be linked by a general formula. For example, for alkenes it's CnH2n, where "n" is the number of carbon atoms in the molecule. For example in ethane there is 2 carbon atoms, so there are 4 hydrogens.

A few different groups of hydrocarbons are:

Alkanes - contain saturated C-C bonds
Alkenes - contain unsaturated C=C double bonds.
Cycloalkanes - form a ring which contain 3 or more carbon atoms.

Naming structures can play a big part in organic chemistry, I think the best thing you could do is watch videos.

Recognising the different functional groups, such as carbonyl and carboxylic acid groups also would be a good thing to learn.

This is quite a big area, but being familiar with these ideas would help a lot.


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