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A2 Edexcel Geography 2016 Contested Planet/Geographical Research Watch

  • View Poll Results: What topics will you be picking for Unit 3?
    Energy Security
    213
    70.76%
    Water Conflicts
    172
    57.14%
    Biodiversity Under Threat
    114
    37.87%
    Bridging the Development Gap
    112
    37.21%
    The Technological Fix
    73
    24.25%

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    If you have to talk about whether China can become a superpower, as a socialist state, could you mention the modernisation theory and say that it mentions that a country can not modernise unless it is a democracy? Is this relevant?
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    Anyone get any information about conflict over energy in countries NOT between them. So far I only have NIMBY-ism in the UK and the aversion to new oil technologies such as oil-sands and oil-shale in North America.
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    Does anyone have any model answers or model exam question structures for each type for question in Unit 3? As in the 10, 15, 12 and 14 mark questions? I'm self-taught and haven't been able to find any resources online for this.
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    (Original post by A-LevelEconomist)
    Anyone get any information about conflict over energy in countries NOT between them. So far I only have NIMBY-ism in the UK and the aversion to new oil technologies such as oil-sands and oil-shale in North America.
    There is conflict in Nigeria between the Onogi people and the Government & TNCs over oil extraction
    This article gives some details :http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14398659
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    (Original post by throwaway1234567)
    Does anyone have any model answers or model exam question structures for each type of question in Unit 3? As in the 10, 15, 12 and 14 mark questions? I'm self-taught and haven't been able to find any resources online for this.
    Hi, if your talking about section A there is the past papers available on the Edexcel website.
    If you are talking about Section B (prerelease) the questions are hard to predict, however, my teacher gave us a couple of ideas. We could be asked about how they meet or don't meet the criteria to become superpowers or what is threatening them/what challenges they might experience in becoming a superpower
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    (Original post by throwaway1234567)
    Does anyone have any model answers or model exam question structures for each type for question in Unit 3? As in the 10, 15, 12 and 14 mark questions? I'm self-taught and haven't been able to find any resources online for this.
    https://onedrive.live.com/redir?resi...hint=folder%2c

    The teachers booklet I've uploaded from ZigZag has questions towards the end with mark schemes.
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    (Original post by Curlot)
    Hi, if your talking about section A there is the past papers available on the Edexcel website.
    If you are talking about Section B (prerelease) the questions are hard to predict, however, my teacher gave us a couple of ideas. We could be asked about how they meet or don't meet the criteria to become superpowers or what is threatening them/what challenges they might experience in becoming a superpower
    (Original post by ramanjassal98)
    https://onedrive.live.com/redir?resi...hint=folder%2c

    The teachers booklet I've uploaded from ZigZag has questions towards the end with mark schemes.
    Thanks, very helpful stuff!

    Another question is, how would you structure each type of question? Do you include an introduction and conclusion? How many points for 10, 15, 12 or 14? Would you include evaluation for all of these types of questions?
    Thanks a lot
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    (Original post by A-LevelEconomist)
    Anyone get any information about conflict over energy in countries NOT between them. So far I only have NIMBY-ism in the UK and the aversion to new oil technologies such as oil-sands and oil-shale in North America.
    South Korea have little to no energy reserves and are below 2.5 on the ESI. They have lots of nuclear plants but they have had political pressure from the USA not to and also anti-nuclear protests from different groups within the country due to fears over radiation risk and lack of knowledge of its complications.
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    (Original post by throwaway1234567)
    Thanks, very helpful stuff!

    Another question is, how would you structure each type of question? Do you include an introduction and conclusion? How many points for 10, 15, 12 or 14? Would you include evaluation for all of these types of questions?
    Thanks a lot
    I have tried writing a couple of these questions and I structure them with an introduction and conclusion and three or four paragraphs depending on how much the questions worth
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    What are the approaches to reducing the development gap (is it tourism, aid, debt relief, trade, FDI, etc?) and anyone have any examples?
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    any ideas on water conflicts and energy questions?
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    Anyone got any good ideas or notes on the MDGs? Like if they were met/criticisms. Thanks
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    China is feeding its economy more so than India's.

    Russia signed a deal with China to build the SPUR pipeline by which Russia supplies China with 15 million tonnes of oil each year for twenty years in exchange of a loan worth $25 billion to Russian companies Transneft & Rosneft for pipeline and oil fields development.

    This is great for Energy Security & Section B.
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    Anyone think that physical factors could come up for a 10 marker in water?
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    (Original post by JoshFlySon)
    What are the approaches to reducing the development gap (is it tourism, aid, debt relief, trade, FDI, etc?) and anyone have any examples?
    For tourism you can use Ecotourism though I cannot think of an example at the top of my head (can anyone help out?)

    Debt relief is more of an ongoing strategy used to allow more money from developing countries to be used in education, healthcare and infrastructure rather than spend it paying back loans with huge amounts of interest.

    I think trade is the big subject here. Without trade, countries find it hard to develop. The WTO encourages trade however trade between developing nations is often exploited by the developed world via high tariffs on imports and regulations the developing world needs to meet. Trade can also be argued as a Westernised way of developing and it should be argued that countries are individual and develop uniquely.

    FDI and TNCs can be linked- Nike in Indonesia, south to south links between China and Africa (Nigeria's pipeline and Sudan's oilfields)

    AID- Bi-lateral and multi-lateral, top down and bottom up strategies, aid is a great way to allow developing countries to develop. However the aid needs to be effective and sustainable.
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    (Original post by kevvvvvv)
    any ideas on water conflicts and energy questions?
    energy:
    - costs and benefits of looking for new source
    - responses to growing energy demand
    - players in energy
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    (Original post by A-LevelEconomist)
    For tourism you can use Ecotourism though I cannot think of an example at the top of my head (can anyone help out?)

    Debt relief is more of an ongoing strategy used to allow more money from developing countries to be used in education, healthcare and infrastructure rather than spend it paying back loans with huge amounts of interest.

    I think trade is the big subject here. Without trade, countries find it hard to develop. The WTO encourages trade however trade between developing nations is often exploited by the developed world via high tariffs on imports and regulations the developing world needs to meet. Trade can also be argued as a Westernised way of developing and it should be argued that countries are individual and develop uniquely.

    FDI and TNCs can be linked- Nike in Indonesia, south to south links between China and Africa (Nigeria's pipeline and Sudan's oilfields)

    AID- Bi-lateral and multi-lateral, top down and bottom up strategies, aid is a great way to allow developing countries to develop. However the aid needs to be effective and sustainable.
    Thank you! ecotourism in costa rica or kenya maybe
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    (Original post by A-LevelEconomist)
    China is feeding its economy more so than India's.

    Russia signed a deal with China to build the SPUR pipeline by which Russia supplies China with 15 million tonnes of oil each year for twenty years in exchange of a loan worth $25 billion to Russian companies Transneft & Rosneft for pipeline and oil fields development.

    This is great for Energy Security & Section B.
    Russia is also building the ESPO (East Siberia-Pacific Ocean) pipeline to North East China. Which is good as most of the population is in East China. It was completed in 2013 and is 2,600 miles long.
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    Disruption to energy pathways- what are the economic impacts and political impacts of such a disruption?

    What case studies would everyone use? I'm thinking Russia/Ukraine conflict, Middle East conflict, anything else?

    Here is a Gulf War fact:
    In 1991, 600 Kuwaiti oil wells were set on fire by Iraqi troops after the first Gulf War. The fires burned for 8 months. Not only did this impact upon the oil production of the country, but caused great economic losses in the economy, as services were also required to put the fire out.
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    (Original post by A-LevelEconomist)
    Disruption to energy pathways- what are the economic impacts and political impacts of such a disruption?

    What case studies would everyone use? I'm thinking Russia/Ukraine conflict, Middle East conflict, anything else?

    Here is a Gulf War fact:
    In 1991, 600 Kuwaiti oil wells were set on fire by Iraqi troops after the first Gulf War. The fires burned for 8 months. Not only did this impact upon the oil production of the country, but caused great economic losses in the economy, as services were also required to put the fire out.
    I think something worth mentioning is Hurricane Ike. The natural hazard caused a dramatic increase in gas prices in the south-east Texas region.
 
 
 
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