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A2 Edexcel Geography 2016 Contested Planet/Geographical Research Watch

  • View Poll Results: What topics will you be picking for Unit 3?
    Energy Security
    213
    70.76%
    Water Conflicts
    172
    57.14%
    Biodiversity Under Threat
    114
    37.87%
    Bridging the Development Gap
    112
    37.21%
    The Technological Fix
    73
    24.25%

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    Stat from Bloomberg- India is laying over 30km of road a day, equating to 11,000 km a year

    A billion people have access to a telephone, more than those who have access to a toilet
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    What does a demographic dividend mean?
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    Tips for revising for the pre release ??
    How detail does it have to be ??
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    (Original post by A-LevelEconomist)
    What does a demographic dividend mean?
    I think it's like the period of time when birth rates have fallen but there is still a young population. i.e The perfect time for economic development. This period has already happen for China but is currently kicking off in India.
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    (Original post by JoshFlySon)
    Canada tar sands:
    -Located in Northern Alberta - mainly in Athabasca
    - Technological advancements and investment have made extracting tar sands feasible and worthwhile
    Benefits:
    - Provides an alternative source of energy when conventional sources are unavailable due to access/political reasons
    -Can meet growing demand for energy - could meet 16% of Canada's and USAs demand for oil - provides a secure source
    - Economic benefits - Oil industry accounts for 20% of the total value of Canadian exports - direct employment of 150,000 jobs and indirect of 500,000 - has attracted investment from TNCs such as Shell, and more recently PetroChina
    Costs:
    - Very energy intensive and a large source of greenhouse gas emissions
    - Destructive to major boreal forest, an important carbon sink
    - Widespread habitat destruction
    - Huge carbon footprint - Canada's largest source of CO2 emissions
    - Oil sands produce lake of toxic sludge, contaminating Alberta groundwater
    - Social + health costs
    ARCTIC OIL
    - Estimated show 25% of world's unexploited oil and gas reserves
    - Many countries are interested in this - UN law of the sea convention
    Benefits:
    - Rising demand for oil means its a good viable economic proposition
    - Can improve energy security - especially US who have been pushing to explore and exploit in the Alaska region
    - Would create jobs - Local Inupiat people believe that the oil industry around Prudhoe Bay has created jobs and other benefits
    Costs:
    - Oil spills propose a risk to Arctic ecosystems, no proven method for containing and cleaning spills
    - No confirmed resources, just estimates - could be expensive to extract and the possibility of nothing there
    - Arctic is a Pristine environment containing 45 species of land and marine animals
    - Environmentalists feel that Oil companies have already wrecked havoc in parts of Alaska and should leave the Arctic alone
    Thanks, so does new sources not include renewables?
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    Have people learnt figures I just can't seem to get them in my head

    Also do you we need to know the four future scenarios for biodiversity
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    for water how is water hydropolitics different to geopolitics?
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    (Original post by lily1998)
    Have people learnt figures I just can't seem to get them in my head

    Also do you we need to know the four future scenarios for biodiversity
    same especially for the synoptic i can't seem to get anything in
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    (Original post by OrdinaryStudent)
    for water how is water hydropolitics different to geopolitics?

    hydropolitics is a type of geopolitics. both are about tensions/relationships between countries in regards to geography.

    hydropolitics is about conflict over water- sudan/kashmir but it is a type of geopolitics because it involves countries negotiating/arguing over a geographical component. idk if this makes sense
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    Does anyone think future energy solutions might come up?
    I hope so because it seems like only thing I'm decent at!!
    Also does fracking release less CO2 than burning coal right?
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    (Original post by lahorizon)
    hydropolitics is a type of geopolitics. both are about tensions/relationships between countries in regards to geography.

    hydropolitics is about conflict over water- sudan/kashmir but it is a type of geopolitics because it involves countries negotiating/arguing over a geographical component. idk if this makes sense
    ok thanks
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    What could you say for 'suggest reasons why there is so much uncertanty about future global energy needs?'
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    What are the MEA predictions for Biodiverisy and could these be linked to a question in anyway?
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    (Original post by 12345hhjjkkll)
    What could you say for 'suggest reasons why there is so much uncertanty about future global energy needs?'
    -impossible to predict the changing stucture of the global economy.
    -growth of the BRICS and how they will cause a global shift
    -hard to predict population growth and as such where demand will lie
    -then I would probs say something about international pressures to switch from fossil fuels

    Posted from TSR Mobile
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    For the pre-release
    If a question on the political side comes up
    How do I answer?
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    (Original post by saira123x)
    For the pre-release
    If a question on the political side comes up
    How do I answer?
    Less likely however talk about the contrasting political systems:

    China - one party (historically communist) state
    India - democratic country with elections etc.

    Just explain the implications of these systems on the countries socially, economically etc.
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    Any predictions for energy and water?
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    (Original post by econam)
    -impossible to predict the changing stucture of the global economy.
    -growth of the BRICS and how they will cause a global shift
    -hard to predict population growth and as such where demand will lie
    -then I would probs say something about international pressures to switch from fossil fuels

    Posted from TSR Mobile
    thanks!
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    Fact:

    The U.S is diverting investment away from china because of :

    increasing labour costs
    intellectual property theft
    inconsistent labour laws
    polluted air

    FDI to India was at $31 billion for the first two quarters of 2015 compared to China's $28 billion.

    India is showing great investing potential.
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    US TNC's like Emerson Electric rely less on labour and use more and more machinery instead.
 
 
 
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