# STEP maths I, II, III 1992 solutions

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#1
(Updated as far as post #159.) SimonM - 23.03.2009

Solutions for earlier STEP papers are not available on the internet, so we're making our own. Please submit any solution to any problem which is currently unsolved (red above); if you see any mistakes in solutions posted, please point them out. There are still a lot of questions to do in the 1993 thread; don't forget to check there too! Several of the other threads still have one or two unsolved questions too - links are at the bottom of this post.

N.B. the "usual" past paper website has the papers mislabelled; please check the front of the paper, not the filename, to see which paper you're doing. (Mathematics = I, further mathematics A = II, further mathematics B = III.)

STEP I:
1: Solution by Lusus Naturae
2: Solution by nota bene / DFranklin
3: Solution by Speleo
4: Solution by Speleo
5: Solution by ad absurdum and DFranklin
6: Solution by brianeverit
7: Solution by DeathAwaitsU, insparato and DFranklin
8: Solution by insparato and DFranklin
9: Solution by *bobo*
10: Solution by *bobo*
11: Solution by *bobo*
12: Solution by brianeverit
13: Solution by *bobo*
14: Solution by brianeverit
15: Solution by TheDuck
16: Solution by generalebriety

STEP II:
1: Solution by Speleo
2: Solution by generalebriety
3: Solution by generalebriety
4: Solution by generalebriety
5: Solution by brianeverit
6: Solution by khaixiang
8: Solution by Lusus Naturae
9: Solution by generalebriety and mikelbird
10: Solution by generalebriety and khaixiang
11: Solution by *bobo*
12: Solution by brianeverit
13: Solution by *bobo*
14: Solution by generalebriety
15: Solution by ben-smith
16: Solution by brianeverit

STEP III:
1: Solution by khaixiang
2: Solution by nota bene
3: Solution by khaixiang
4: Solution by SimonM
5: Solution by SimonM
6: Solution by khaixiang
7: Solution by generalebriety
8: Solution by khaixiang
9: (Incomplete) Solution by generalebriety Full solution by mikelbird
10: Solution by Glutamic Acid
11: Solution by *bobo*
12: Solution by *bobo*
13: Solution by *bobo*
14: Solution by brianeverit
15: Solution by ben-smith
16: Solution by ben-smith

Solutions written by TSR members:
1987 - 1988 - 1989 - 1990 - 1991 - 1992 - 1993 - 1994 - 1995 - 1996 - 1997 - 1998 - 1999 - 2000 - 2001 - 2002 - 2003 - 2004 - 2005 - 2006 - 2007
0
13 years ago
#2
Oh, and by the way - I'm doing II Q4. Back off. Unparseable or potentially dangerous latex formula. Error 5: Image dimensions are out of bounds: 626x1033
\displaystyle \text{Consider }\lozenge (\lambda\mu ) = \lambda\lozenge\mu + \mu\lozenge\lambda \text{ [a]} \\

\text{But } \lozenge (\lambda\mu ) = \lambda\lozenge\mu \text{ [d]} \\

\therefore \lambda\lozenge\mu + \mu\lozenge\lambda = \lambda\lozenge\mu \Rightarrow \mu\lozenge\lambda = 0 \Rightarrow \lozenge\lambda = 0.\\ \\

\lozenge x^2 = x\lozenge x + x\lozenge x \text{ [a]} \\

= x.1 + x.1 \text{ [c]} \\

= 2x.\\

\lozenge x^3 = x^2 \lozenge x + x \lozenge x^2 \text{ [a]} \\

= x^2.1 + x.2x \text{ [c]} \\

= 3x^2. \\ \\

\text{Proposition: } \lozenge x^n = nx^{n-1}. \text{ Proceed by induction; assume true for } n \leq k. \\

\lozenge x^k = kx^{k-1} \\

\lozenge x^{k+1} = \lozenge (x^k.x) = x^k\lozenge x + x\lozenge x^k \text{ [a]}

= x^k.1 + x.kx^{k-1}\\

= (k+1)x^k \text{as required}. \\

\therefore \lozenge x^n = nx^{n-1}. \\ \\

h(x) = k_0 + k_1x + k_2x^2 + k_3x^3 + \dots + k_rx^r + \dots\\

\lozenge h(x) = \lozenge (k_0 + k_1x + k_2x^2 + k_3x^3 + \dots + k_rx^r + \dots ) \\

\lozenge h(x) = \lozenge (k_0) + \lozenge (k_1x) + \lozenge (k_2x^2) + \lozenge (k_3x^3) + \dots + \lozenge (k_rx^r) + \dots \text{ [b]} \\

\lozenge h(x) = 0 + k_1\lozenge (x) + k_2\lozenge (x^2) + k_3\lozenge (x^3) + \dots + k_r\lozenge (x^r) + \dots \text{ [d]} \\

\lozenge h(x) = k_1(1) + k_2(2x) + k_3(3x^2) + \dots + k_r(rx^{r-1}) + \dots \\

\therefore \lozenge h(x) = \frac{\text{d}}{\text{d}x} h(x).
0
13 years ago
#3
II/1

Someone might want to check v.) and vi.), v.) because it seems so easy, vi.) because I'm not certain I can neglect the terms I did... (limit's right though).

Think I'll attempt Lusus' challenge now, I expect to fail miserably 0
13 years ago
#4
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13 years ago
#5
Ive done most of STEP II Q2 and Done STEP II Q8
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13 years ago
#6
I'll try III/2 (Matrices) I think I'm able to do it but I'm not 100% sure

EDIT:  Furthermore an identity matrix I^n=I (If David reads this he'll probably tell me to prove it Honestly I don't know how much of this we are allowed to assume, either way I'll leave it out for the time being). Also multiplying by an Identity matrix does not change anything (could possibly also require a proof, but I really don't see how we are supposed to prove all these things in 30 minutes (although the proofs are not hard)).
Therefore As desired... Using and (for confirmation: )

Then we have As desired... Let's show J^4=2J^3: Using the previously proven information it can now be rewritten as: Moving on I will first prove The case n=2 is already proven earlier. Therefore we assume the statement to be true for all n=k where .
Multiply by J we have Q.E.D. (P(k)->P(k+1) by mathematical induction)

Now we move on to proving the statement that The case n=1 is already proven. Assume true for n=k, and multiply by (I+aJ) (and using a bit of information we know is true). As desired; therefore by the principle of mathematical induction we have proven that P(k)->P(k+1) Q.E.D.

Now I hope I have not made too many typos or other stupid things...
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13 years ago
#7
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13 years ago
#8
STEP II
Q8 ii) Turn the denominator into 5cos (x - arctan3/4) and integrates easily

Q8 iii) put it in to exponentials and use the substitution u = e^x i get ln |(e^x -1)/(e^x+1)| + C
0
13 years ago
#9
(Original post by insparato)
STEP II
Q8 ii) Turn the denominator into 5cos (x - arctan3/4) and integrates easily

Q8 iii) put it in to exponentials and use the substitution u = e^x i get ln |(e^x -1)/(e^x+1)| + C
Do it. 0
13 years ago
#10
I did on paper but lusus started typing it up 0
13 years ago
#11
3
13 years ago
#12
Just need to finish off the general solution on Q2 im having alittle bit of difficulty at the near the end. You might as well finish it off .
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13 years ago
#13
My question is done up there ^

Also, good job on the clickable links to each question 0
13 years ago
#14
I/3.

(i) (ii) (iii) Edit: ah, to hell with it. I'll change the first post, Speleo corrected me on everything. Left the stuff above for easy LaTeXing.
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13 years ago
#15
II/8 is now complete.

(Aaron, do I have any corrections to make, or do you agree?)
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13 years ago
#16
That looks fine to me Lusus.
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13 years ago
#17
*beautifies first post*

I should've done art instead... 0
13 years ago
#18
Just did I/3, got a different answer for every part Pretty sure I'm right, too 0
13 years ago
#19
(Original post by Speleo)
Just did I/3, got a different answer for every part Pretty sure I'm right, too ****'s sake. I never could do trig. And I'm tired and I didn't have breakfast today and the moon's in Jupiter and I don't like the colour of what you're wearing.

Cheers. Edit: gah, I got all the working right, I just put in the limits wrongly. I'm so stupid sometimes. Hmm... what's wrong with my answer to part (iv)? I mean I can see you're right straight off, but what have I done wrong? 0
13 years ago
#20
You sure your last part is correct? I mean I know you went to all that trouble, but I still think the answer is 0...
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