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    As additional reading is so important apparently, I thought you lot would want to have a look at some notes I have taken down whilst watching and reading various documentaries, papers, magazines etc and then add any you have. Some are essentially tiny case studies/examples and others are just little facts you can include to show better understanding. These are all just personal notes that I was told other people would benefit from, so ignore any weird grammar or notes that might seem pointless to you lol

    GENERAL ****

    http://www.percocohs.com/20%20-Geogr...sion-Guide.pdf

    http://www.slideshare.net/jodiecmill...wergeographies

    https://getrevising.co.uk/revision-c...et_superpowers

    WATER
    Heating up salty groundwater (irrigation run off) by focusing solar power using an array. This heat boils the salty water and gives clean water and also salt crystals (Central Valley, California)

    They are using massive buoys underwater, attached to water pipes in high current water. The balls are there to catch currents, as the currents hit them they push water up the pipe beneath them. This water is at very high pressures so turns turbines that produce electricity. The water is also pushed through a reverse osmosis filter that removes salt so it produces clean water and electricity. (Australia)

    1800 people die from dirty water in the developing world every day.

    Architects are building large structures, called warka towers, that catch water out of the fog, mist and general air humidity for use in the poorer areas of the world. The water from the humidity and mist condense on the bamboo and run down the netting surrounding it and into a reservoir. It is made out of bamboo and is affordable and easily built and assembled. (Ethiopia)

    Poor people in the developing world are having to spend so much on treating their own and children's water born diseases they can't develop infrastructure
    .
    Water-borne diseases such as dysentery and cholera stop the body from being able to effectively absorb nutrient from their diet.

    BIODIVERSITY
    They are developing robots to use as predators in new areas to avoid the issues of alien invasive species. (Portsmouth University)

    Scientists working on the great barrier reef have developed a robot that can home in on crown-of-thorns starfish (which destroy coral) and kill them with poison via injection.

    Cyclones are actually the worlds biggest threat to coral reefs, they destroy the most.

    Corals bleach as the temperature rises as they eject any algae on them that contains the colour. This results in no photosynthesis occurring.

    Tawny Owls are now nearly all brown rather than white due to the decreasing amounts of snowfall.

    The same changes to the reefs that usually occurs over 10,000 years naturally, has happened over the past few decades.

    Tribes in Northern Kenya rely on elephants to find the water table under the desert using their sense of smell, then the elephants rely on the tribe back in their home as they put out water from their well in the dry season.

    ENERGY
    The US produce more oil than Russia and Saudi Arabia now.

    Oil finds and fracking causes huge amounts of single men to migrate to these areas causing large amounts of social issues including drugs, prostitution and conflict from the massive economic boom. There was a 121% increase in violent crime over the last 5 years. (North Dakota)

    https://news.vice.com/article/fracki...rce=vicenewsfb

    Via nuclear fusion, there is enough hydrogen in a bottle of water to power a whole city for a day.

    Ethiopia have widespread energy problems and blackouts so the government in Adis Ababa is converting their large amounts of waste - which has been solely stored in landfills for 50 years - and converting it into energy. It is done through controlled combustion process which produces clean energy. Will create thousands of well skilled workers in the energy plant.

    https://m.facebook.com/story.php?sto...d=200006375787

    TECHNOLOGY
    London is using pigeons with air monitoring backpacks to measure their levels of air pollution.

    They are deploying drones in Malawi to test for HIV much quicker and can fly out to remote areas where people previously had to walk/wait 2 days for any results. It is expected to cut transport costs by around half, much needed for some of the poorest people in the world. It also carries out the antiviral medication to those who need it. Has faced some adversity as around 75% of Malawians believe in witchcraft so are sceptical of a flying drone.

    They are using drones on the surface of the water to patrol no-fishing zones off the coast of the Pitcairn Islands.

    Edible spoons have been developed to combat India’s plastic cutlery problem. India is the world's largest user of disposable cutlery and these spoons can be eaten or simply biodegrade in 4-5 days. They are composed of millet, rice and wheat.

    Around 4 million people die every year from inhaling indoor cooking fumes.

    A “wonderbag” has been created that can cook food without the use of fuel. People simply bring the food to boil then place it in the bag for hours and it cooks. This is very useful in the developing world where fuel is either expensive or dangerous.

    The technological leapfrogging in Africa and Asia with mobile phones has meant that:
    1. A much wider audience can access banking.
    2. Farmers and small business owners can check prices to avoid exploitation.
    DEVELOPMENT AND SUPERPOWERS

    “Let’s give a bunch of free stuff to these people. What could go wrong? Well, first, you may be bringing them things they don’t really want or need. Shoes? Yeah, the kids in the country side often don’t want them. And even if they did, their parents are going to take them and sell them for whatever they can get. You’re also potentially destroying whatever local industry there might be. The well-meaning white people brought in a bunch of free clothes and, surprise surprise, the local textiles industry went out of business. Again and again there have been these short-sighted charitable actions leading to unintended consequences. It’s noble to want to help people in need. But often it has simply led to destroying native economies and creating beggars of once proud people.”

    Delhi
    In 2002 the Delhi government provided subsidies on diesel to encourage the pumping of water and agricultural practices. However this meant there was a 1000% increase in the number of diesel cars in the city.

    A huge number of households and businesses in India cook with coal on open fires leading to terrible urban pollution.

    Twice the suspended particle count of beijing.

    The growing middle class has lead to a triple in the number of cars.

    FOOD
    The levels of poverty from 1990 has halved, however the hunger levels have fallen by a 1/5th.

    People who have grown up chronically hungry, will convert nearly all energy into fat so as the poverty line falls people are getting fatter easily. Mexico has gone from a country of extreme poverty and hunger to the world’s fattest country.

    45% of deaths in under 5’s in the developing world can be attributed to malnutrition yet just 1% of aid goes to nutritional causes.
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    (Original post by -Bangs-)
    ...
    Nice facts. :yy:

    Some pages on Facebook that often post videos of applicable up-to-date case studies are CCTVNews, Vice News, RT, and Al Jazeera English.
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    (Original post by -Bangs-)
    As additional reading is so important apparently, I thought you lot would want to have a look at some notes I have taken down whilst watching and reading various documentaries, papers, magazines etc and then add any you have. Some are essentially tiny case studies/examples and others are just little facts you can include to show better understanding. These are all just personal notes that I was told other people would benefit from, so ignore any weird grammar or notes that might seem pointless to you lol

    GENERAL ****

    http://www.percocohs.com/20%20-Geogr...sion-Guide.pdf

    http://www.slideshare.net/jodiecmill...wergeographies

    https://getrevising.co.uk/revision-c...et_superpowers

    WATER
    Heating up salty groundwater (irrigation run off) by focusing solar power using an array. This heat boils the salty water and gives clean water and also salt crystals (Central Valley, California)

    They are using massive buoys underwater, attached to water pipes in high current water. The balls are there to catch currents, as the currents hit them they push water up the pipe beneath them. This water is at very high pressures so turns turbines that produce electricity. The water is also pushed through a reverse osmosis filter that removes salt so it produces clean water and electricity. (Australia)

    1800 people die from dirty water in the developing world every day.

    Architects are building large structures, called warka towers, that catch water out of the fog, mist and general air humidity for use in the poorer areas of the world. The water from the humidity and mist condense on the bamboo and run down the netting surrounding it and into a reservoir. It is made out of bamboo and is affordable and easily built and assembled. (Ethiopia)

    Poor people in the developing world are having to spend so much on treating their own and children's water born diseases they can't develop infrastructure.

    BIODIVERSITY
    They are developing robots to use as predators in new areas to avoid the issues of alien invasive species. (Portsmouth University)

    Scientists working on the great barrier reef have developed a robot that can home in on crown-of-thorns starfish (which destroy coral) and kill them with poison via injection.

    Cyclones are actually the worlds biggest threat to coral reefs, they destroy the most.

    Corals bleach as the temperature rises as they eject any algae on them that contains the colour. This results in no photosynthesis occurring.

    Tawny Owls are now nearly all brown rather than white due to the decreasing amounts of snowfall.

    The same changes to the reefs that usually occurs over 10,000 years naturally, has happened over the past few decades.

    Tribes in Northern Kenya rely on elephants to find the water table under the desert using their sense of smell, then the elephants rely on the tribe back in their home as they put out water from their well in the dry season.


    ENERGY

    The US produce more oil than Russia and Saudi Arabia now.

    Oil finds and fracking causes huge amounts of single men to migrate to these areas causing large amounts of social issues including drugs, prostitution and conflict from the massive economic boom. There was a 121% increase in violent crime over the last 5 years. (North Dakota)

    Via nuclear fusion, there is enough hydrogen in a bottle of water to power a whole city for a day.

    https://m.facebook.com/story.php?sto...d=200006375787
    #
    TECHNOLOGY

    London is using pigeons with air monitoring backpacks to measure their levels of air pollution.

    They are deploying drones in Malawi to test for HIV much quicker and can fly out to remote areas where people previously had to walk/wait 2 days for any results. It is expected to cut transport costs by around half, much needed for some of the poorest people in the world. It also carries out the antiviral medication to those who need it. Has faced some adversity as around 75% of Malawians believe in witchcraft so are sceptical of a flying drone.

    They are using drones on the surface of the water to patrol no-fishing zones off the coast of the Pitcairn Islands.

    Edible spoons have been developed to combat India’s plastic cutlery problem. India is the world's largest user of disposable cutlery and these spoons can be eaten or simply biodegrade in 4-5 days. They are composed of millet, rice and wheat.


    DEVELOPMENT AND SUPERPOWERS

    Delhi
    In 2002 the Delhi government provided subsidies on diesel to encourage the pumping of water and agricultural practices. However this meant there was a 1000% increase in the number of diesel cars in the city.

    A huge number of households and businesses in India cook with coal on open fires leading to terrible urban pollution.

    Twice the suspended particle count of beijing.

    The growing middle class has lead to a triple in the number of cars.

    Thank you so much for these! Do you have any guesses as to what the Section B questions might be?
    And what external research we should be doing for Section B?
    Thanks!
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    (Original post by lillyac)
    Thank you so much for these! Do you have any guesses as to what the Section B questions might be?
    And what external research we should be doing for Section B?
    Thanks!
    Tbh section B has properly baffled me (not as much as unit 4 tho) I have just been learning the "India as an Emerging Superpower" and the same for China on Wikipedia. Even though its wikipedia they have alllllllllll the factors for why the two countries could become a superpower and then the same for what might hold them back.
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    Good evening,could someone send UNIT 4 question predictions from the statement?

    thank you
 
 
 
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