Can anyone mark a GCSE history question for me?Watch this thread
OCR History GCSE
"The following two things were equally important in Nazi control over the German people:"
"How far do you agree?" 10 marks.
Nazi control of the German people was based on many factors that successfully managed to keep people from rebelling, which largely came under terror and propaganda.
Propaganda constantly told the public good news of the nazi party, convincing people that everyone loved the nazis. Though this may seem to be something minor, it had a large effect - the Germans knew nothing other than what the Nazis told them, so had to believe it, making people like the nazis. This level of indoctrination - especially among the impressionable young in schools, advertising, cinema sports etc - made a loyal population - one unwilling to rebel. This is important to control as no population that is happy will rebel, making propaganda extremely important to Nazi control. On the other hand, many adults saw through the propaganda having known a different life, so were discontent with Nazi rule, meaning Goebbel's propaganda had limits.
Fear played a huge part in Nazi rule. Many were too scared even to privately complain due to groups like the Gestapo, who they believed had an agent on every street. This led people to not dare to speak out - effectively quelling any resistance before it began. This was an extremely important factor in Hitler's control, as none would dare to oppose the nazis, meaning their authority was assured. Concentration camps and the police ensured open opposition was suicidal. On the other hand, there were occasions in which people spoke out, such as Niemoller, who formed a confessional church against the nazis, though this was an exception. Most were too scared to do anything to the point they would inform the gestapo on their own families.
In conclusion, the statement is not entirely true as terror was far more effective in exercising control than propaganda, with people too scared to even complain, much less open opposition. Propaganda, however, did play a huge part in controlling the masses, making people unwilling to oppose all they knew. The statement, however, is largely wrong.
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