What is translocation and why is it active?Watch
"Translocation" is actually quite a vague term. In general it means moving things from one place to another. It can mean moving dissolved substances across a membrane, which is active because it uses proteins that pump substances across the membrane using ATP. Alternatively it can mean the movement of proteins from the ER (where they are synthesised) to wherever they are needed in the cell. This can be done in several ways, but again, they are active because they are facilitated by proteins that hydrolyse ATP.
In simple terms for living organisms it means something moves from one area of the organism to another. I know it from my horticulture exams where there are learning outcomes on translocated pesticides and fertilisers. E.g. Thiacloprid is a translocated insecticide which you apply as a liquid drench to the roots of the plant. It is then translocated to all parts of the plant. It is also known as systemic.
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