cHEMISTRY AS questionWatch
Bromine has two isotopes BR-79 and Br-81 the relative atomic mass of br is 79.9 calculate the percentage of br-79 atoms in a sample of bromine.
So the equation we'll use is:
Atomic mass x abundancy (%) (for each isotope) divided by total abundance = relative atomic mass of sample.
We'll call the abundance of Br-79 atoms 'y'. The total abundance of atoms is 100, so the abundance of Br-81 atoms is 100 - y.
This gives us: 79y + 81(100-y) ÷ 100 = 79.9
-2y + 8100 = 7990
2y = 110
y = 55%
Obviously this is a somewhat time-consuming method for 1 mark but is 100% effective.
79.9 - 79 = 0.9
81 - 79.9 = 1.1
Ratio Br-79 : Br-81 = 1.1 : 0.9 (i know this is a bit confusing but remember that there must be more 79 atoms than 81 atoms, because 79.9 is closer to 79 than 81)
(Converting ratio to percentage) 1.1/(1.1+0.9) x 100 = 55%
Hope this helped