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AQA GCSE PE 20th May 2016 UNIT 3 *UNOFFICIAL MARK SCHEME* watch

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    Section A part 1
    1. Competitive swimming
    2. The one where the angle increases at the hinge joint
    5. 11 year olds should not do weight training
    7. Which organisation uses elite athletes to inspire kids - dame kelly Holmes
    8. The official doesn't set the time of the game


    Section A part 2
    1. The ability to change speed and direction
    b) something like a footballer dodging an opponent
    2. The range of movement around a joint
    b) splits in gymnastics or something to that effect

    3. This was the aggression question, and I can't find anything online as an official GCSE definition.. So this is the a level one

    Any form of behaviour directed toward the goal of harming or injuring another living being who is motivated to avoid such treatment.

    b) an example would be during a rugby tackle because it channels focus in, making the tackle more accurate and strong (please correct me if I'm wrong here lmao I'm not sure)

    I don't really remember the order of questions so I'll just go in any order if I remember

    4. How to the muscles and bones work together to create movement?

    -muscles only pull on bones
    -muscles are attached by ligaments
    -muscles work in antagonist pairs
    -E.g. biceps contracts and tricep relaxes
    -different joints provide different types of movement

    5. Name two types of competition and 2 positive things about them

    Knockout
    can cater for a large number of entries• high excitement levels as losers are excluded• relatively easy to organise and run• teams play at their best from the start of the competition or risk being knocked out• competition is quicker.

    Round robin
    Everyone gets to play an equal amount
    Produces most valid winner

    Ladder
    Everyone plays the same amount
    Flexible scheduling

    6. One type of media and two advantages

    I put TV and that
    -if people see the winners stood with medals they are more likely to participate in order to emulate them
    -people may become more knowledgable due to slow motion analysis and can copy it to improve their own skills

    Other types of media could be newspaper and radio, but I can't really think of two advantages other than the role model one

    7. What is a public sector leisure centre
    -funded by government
    -available for everyone to use
    -E.g public swimming pool

    8. What is a private sector leisure centre
    -try to make a profit
    - members pay fees to join
    -more expensive

    9.use an example to say why rules keep players safe
    I put no two footed tackles because they are hard to control and could end up with broken ankles etc.

    10. Name an environmental factor that can improve performance
    -weather is sunny, pitches are dry, less likely to slip
    -altitude is low, easier to breathe die to more O2
    -lower pollution, no smog easier to breathe??

    11. Why can't Lucy be sponsored by a gambling company?
    She's underage (15) and it also encourages an unhealthy lifestyle

    12. How can John use training zones to help Lucy?
    I struggled to get a 4 mark answer for this one..
    He should be telling her to use the aerobics training zone for most of her 800m race- until the end. This is 60-80% of her MHR and means she is respiring in the presence of O2. Then for her last 100m sprint she should be In the anaerobic training zone, which is 80-90% of her MHR.

    13. How should Lucy recover from her training session
    -stretch to prevent lactic acid from building up in her muscles that would make her stuff and prone to injury
    - drink a lot of fluid to replace the water and minerals she will have lost through sweat during training

    14. How can Lucy's teachers help her performance
    This was a tough one and I'm not sure I wrote what the mark scheme wanted but here goes..
    1. They could give her time during PE lessons to go and train with her own regime etc.
    2. Bring in a role model to talk during an assembly to inspire her to work harder
    3. Let her take a club of younger kids to inspire them and turn her in to a role model so she will try harder to not let them down

    FIRST 8 MARKER-
    Specicifity- make sure her training is right for her
    Progression- make it gradually harder, 1 new hill a week in to her runs
    Overload- work body harder than it is used to- increase FIT
    R-reversibility, very hard to make an extended point about but kudos if you did
    T-tedium, Gotta change that training up so she doesn't want to commit

    SECOND 8 MARKER-
    NGBs, my teachers worst nightmare
    -they could offer coaching courses
    -funding advice and grants
    -competitions, different levels
    -talent development, get them better coaches,, sponsors and funding

    Add on and correct as you will, that's all I have to memory...
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    (Original post by jimmox00)
    Section A part 1
    1. Competitive swimming
    2. The one where the angle increases at the hinge joint
    5. 11 year olds should not do weight training
    7. Which organisation uses elite athletes to inspire kids - dame kelly Holmes
    8. The official doesn't set the time of the game


    Section A part 2
    1. The ability to change speed and direction
    b) something like a footballer dodging an opponent
    2. The range of movement around a joint
    b) splits in gymnastics or something to that effect

    3. This was the aggression question, and I can't find anything online as an official GCSE definition.. So this is the a level one

    Any form of behaviour directed toward the goal of harming or injuring another living being who is motivated to avoid such treatment.

    b) an example would be during a rugby tackle because it channels focus in, making the tackle more accurate and strong (please correct me if I'm wrong here lmao I'm not sure)

    I don't really remember the order of questions so I'll just go in any order if I remember

    4. How to the muscles and bones work together to create movement?

    -muscles only pull on bones
    -muscles are attached by ligaments
    -muscles work in antagonist pairs
    -E.g. biceps contracts and tricep relaxes
    -different joints provide different types of movement

    5. Name two types of competition and 2 positive things about them

    Knockout
    can cater for a large number of entries• high excitement levels as losers are excluded• relatively easy to organise and run• teams play at their best from the start of the competition or risk being knocked out• competition is quicker.

    Round robin
    Everyone gets to play an equal amount
    Produces most valid winner

    Ladder
    Everyone plays the same amount
    Flexible scheduling

    6. One type of media and two advantages

    I put TV and that
    -if people see the winners stood with medals they are more likely to participate in order to emulate them
    -people may become more knowledgable due to slow motion analysis and can copy it to improve their own skills

    Other types of media could be newspaper and radio, but I can't really think of two advantages other than the role model one

    7. What is a public sector leisure centre
    -funded by government
    -available for everyone to use
    -E.g public swimming pool

    8. What is a private sector leisure centre
    -try to make a profit
    - members pay fees to join
    -more expensive

    9.use an example to say why rules keep players safe
    I put no two footed tackles because they are hard to control and could end up with broken ankles etc.

    10. Name an environmental factor that can improve performance
    -weather is sunny, pitches are dry, less likely to slip
    -altitude is low, easier to breathe die to more O2
    -lower pollution, no smog easier to breathe??

    11. Why can't Lucy be sponsored by a gambling company?
    She's underage (15) and it also encourages an unhealthy lifestyle

    12. How can John use training zones to help Lucy?
    I struggled to get a 4 mark answer for this one..
    He should be telling her to use the aerobics training zone for most of her 800m race- until the end. This is 60-80% of her MHR and means she is respiring in the presence of O2. Then for her last 100m sprint she should be In the anaerobic training zone, which is 80-90% of her MHR.

    13. How should Lucy recover from her training session
    -stretch to prevent lactic acid from building up in her muscles that would make her stuff and prone to injury
    - drink a lot of fluid to replace the water and minerals she will have lost through sweat during training

    14. How can Lucy's teachers help her performance
    This was a tough one and I'm not sure I wrote what the mark scheme wanted but here goes..
    1. They could give her time during PE lessons to go and train with her own regime etc.
    2. Bring in a role model to talk during an assembly to inspire her to work harder
    3. Let her take a club of younger kids to inspire them and turn her in to a role model so she will try harder to not let them down

    FIRST 8 MARKER-
    Specicifity- make sure her training is right for her
    Progression- make it gradually harder, 1 new hill a week in to her runs
    Overload- work body harder than it is used to- increase FIT
    R-reversibility, very hard to make an extended point about but kudos if you did
    T-tedium, Gotta change that training up so she doesn't want to commit

    SECOND 8 MARKER-
    NGBs, my teachers worst nightmare
    -they could offer coaching courses
    -funding advice and grants
    -competitions, different levels
    -talent development, get them better coaches,, sponsors and funding

    Add on and correct as you will, that's all I have to memory...
    AQA Specification lists the sports in the 'Performing at Maximum Levels' group and the only one from those options in Question 1 was: GOLF (not competitive swimming). I can see how easy it was to choose other options but GOLF is the correct one.
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    (Original post by jimmox00)
    Section A part 1
    1. Competitive swimming
    2. The one where the angle increases at the hinge joint
    5. 11 year olds should not do weight training
    7. Which organisation uses elite athletes to inspire kids - dame kelly Holmes
    8. The official doesn't set the time of the game


    Section A part 2
    1. The ability to change speed and direction
    b) something like a footballer dodging an opponent
    2. The range of movement around a joint
    b) splits in gymnastics or something to that effect

    3. This was the aggression question, and I can't find anything online as an official GCSE definition.. So this is the a level one

    Any form of behaviour directed toward the goal of harming or injuring another living being who is motivated to avoid such treatment.

    b) an example would be during a rugby tackle because it channels focus in, making the tackle more accurate and strong (please correct me if I'm wrong here lmao I'm not sure)

    I don't really remember the order of questions so I'll just go in any order if I remember

    4. How to the muscles and bones work together to create movement?

    -muscles only pull on bones
    -muscles are attached by ligaments
    -muscles work in antagonist pairs
    -E.g. biceps contracts and tricep relaxes
    -different joints provide different types of movement

    5. Name two types of competition and 2 positive things about them

    Knockout
    can cater for a large number of entries• high excitement levels as losers are excluded• relatively easy to organise and run• teams play at their best from the start of the competition or risk being knocked out• competition is quicker.

    Round robin
    Everyone gets to play an equal amount
    Produces most valid winner

    Ladder
    Everyone plays the same amount
    Flexible scheduling

    6. One type of media and two advantages

    I put TV and that
    -if people see the winners stood with medals they are more likely to participate in order to emulate them
    -people may become more knowledgable due to slow motion analysis and can copy it to improve their own skills

    Other types of media could be newspaper and radio, but I can't really think of two advantages other than the role model one

    7. What is a public sector leisure centre
    -funded by government
    -available for everyone to use
    -E.g public swimming pool

    8. What is a private sector leisure centre
    -try to make a profit
    - members pay fees to join
    -more expensive

    9.use an example to say why rules keep players safe
    I put no two footed tackles because they are hard to control and could end up with broken ankles etc.

    10. Name an environmental factor that can improve performance
    -weather is sunny, pitches are dry, less likely to slip
    -altitude is low, easier to breathe die to more O2
    -lower pollution, no smog easier to breathe??

    11. Why can't Lucy be sponsored by a gambling company?
    She's underage (15) and it also encourages an unhealthy lifestyle

    12. How can John use training zones to help Lucy?
    I struggled to get a 4 mark answer for this one..
    He should be telling her to use the aerobics training zone for most of her 800m race- until the end. This is 60-80% of her MHR and means she is respiring in the presence of O2. Then for her last 100m sprint she should be In the anaerobic training zone, which is 80-90% of her MHR.

    13. How should Lucy recover from her training session
    -stretch to prevent lactic acid from building up in her muscles that would make her stuff and prone to injury
    - drink a lot of fluid to replace the water and minerals she will have lost through sweat during training

    14. How can Lucy's teachers help her performance
    This was a tough one and I'm not sure I wrote what the mark scheme wanted but here goes..
    1. They could give her time during PE lessons to go and train with her own regime etc.
    2. Bring in a role model to talk during an assembly to inspire her to work harder
    3. Let her take a club of younger kids to inspire them and turn her in to a role model so she will try harder to not let them down

    FIRST 8 MARKER-
    Specicifity- make sure her training is right for her
    Progression- make it gradually harder, 1 new hill a week in to her runs
    Overload- work body harder than it is used to- increase FIT
    R-reversibility, very hard to make an extended point about but kudos if you did
    T-tedium, Gotta change that training up so she doesn't want to commit

    SECOND 8 MARKER-
    NGBs, my teachers worst nightmare
    -they could offer coaching courses
    -funding advice and grants
    -competitions, different levels
    -talent development, get them better coaches,, sponsors and funding

    Add on and correct as you will, that's all I have to memory...
    i think muscles and bones are connected by tendons not ligaments
 
 
 
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