Hey there! Sign in to join this conversationNew here? Join for free

What's the difference between artificial passive and artificial active [Immunity] ?? Watch

    • Thread Starter
    Offline

    14
    I mean an example for both of these are vaccination so what's the difference between them?
    Offline

    14
    ReputationRep:
    Artificial active is when antigens are introduced by a vaccination which illicit an immune response by the body.

    Passive is where antibodies that were produced by another organism are directly introduced to the blood by vaccination, which are ready for any antigenic infection.
    Offline

    0
    ReputationRep:
    Artificial immunity - Passive = immunity provided by injection of antibodies made by another individual.
    Artificial immunity - Active = Immunity provided by antibodies made in the immune system as a result of vaccination. Person is injected with weakened/dead pathogen and this activates the immune system.
    in terms of Natural - Passive = antibodies provided via placenta or breast milk. This makes the baby immune to diseases that the mother is also immune to. It is very useful in the babies first year of life, when the immune system is developing.
    Natural - Active = Immunity provided by antibodies made as a result of actual infection. A person will suffer from the disease once and then is immune e.g. immunity to chicken pox.
    Hope this helps
    Offline

    5
    ReputationRep:
    Artificial/Natural compares medical intervention vs. natural biological proceses
    Active/Passive compares whether the immune system is activated or not
 
 
 
  • See more of what you like on The Student Room

    You can personalise what you see on TSR. Tell us a little about yourself to get started.

  • Poll
    Brexit voters: Do you stand by your vote?
  • See more of what you like on The Student Room

    You can personalise what you see on TSR. Tell us a little about yourself to get started.

  • The Student Room, Get Revising and Marked by Teachers are trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd.

    Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. 806 8067 22 Registered Office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE

    Write a reply...
    Reply
    Hide
    Reputation gems: You get these gems as you gain rep from other members for making good contributions and giving helpful advice.