The Cold War GCSE help??Watch
Thank you =)
Comecon is short for Council for Mutual Economic Assistance and was formed in January 1949. It was dissolved in 1991. It included all soviet states as well as communist (but non soviet) countries, such as Vietnam and Mongolia, for example. Comecon was designed to provide economic assistance to countries in order to stop them from allying with the USA, and so was a response to the Marshall Plan.
The Truman doctrine was the American version of Comecon - the USA provided financial aid to countries in order to prevent them from turning to communism. It was first announced by Truman in 1947 and expanded in 1948. the aid was primarily given to turkey and Greece in order to support heir economies and so reduce the threat of them turning communist.
The iron curtain was an imaginary line dividing Europe into two halves - soviet allies and USA allies. It was first mentioned at the end of the Second World War in 1945, and continued until the end of the Cold War in 1991. It was so named because the Soviet Union attempted to block any satellites or communications from reaching the west.
Détente is the easing of strained relations, especially political. When a relationship between countries or parties of differing ideological views becomes tense and strained, detente is the process of making them less tense.
After the long telegram Truman got his military to asses the strength of the soviet army and they saw that the USSR was in no shape for a war although communism did have a draw to countries damaged during the war as wealth would be spread. Truman did not want communism to spread so he brought in the Truman Doctrine. It said that America had the responsibility to protect the world and that communists and capitalists were opposed and that there would be no further cooperation.The Truman doctrine was the unofficial beginning of the cold war. As part of the Truman Doctrine, Truman brought in the Marshall plan in 1947 where America committed $13 billion of American money to rebuild ruined Europe.It stopped the appeal of communism and contained communism. Th Marshall plan also brought in isolation, a policy where America stayed out of events in Europe.
Comecon was brought in,n 1949, as Stalin's answer to the Marshall plan. It aimed to encourage development in Eastern Europe and politically it would limit America's influence. Comecon offered money, food and resources making it attractive.
Like stated above detente is a relaxation of tension, key events of Detente include the outer space treaty that stopped the arms race going into space so no nuclear weapons in space placed by the superpowers, the nuclear non-proliferation treaty that said that neither superpower would provide or help other counties develop nuclear weapons, SALT 1 (strategic arms limitation treaty)that agreed that no ballistic missiles or submarines carrying missiles could be produced till existing supplies ran out, the Helsinki conference that agreed to greater cooperation between superpowers and allies and then the Apollo-soyuz mission which was a joint space missions between the superpower which marked restart of cooperation as it showed that the superpowers could work together towards one goal.
Detente ended around 1979 mainly due to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.The Americans did not like the invasion as they did not want communism to spread to this part of the world. The American president at the time, Carter was appalled by the soviet aggression and brought in the carter doctrine where the US supported rebels opposed to the soviets, the doctrine also stopped trade with soviet union and ended all diplomatic relations.Carter also lead the boycotting of the 1980 Moscow Olympic games and many other countries did not attend in protest to the soviet invasion. From here the relationship between the superpowers broke down and detente had truly ended making detente look like nothing other that a propaganda stunt that only came about due to the high cost of nuclear weapons and the inability of the superpowers to get nuclear weapons. Detente also happened as the countries feared war or nuclear fallout.
Best of luck on your exam xxx
You're welcome c= How did you feel the actual exam went?...I did bad in the last question on the flashpoint in Berlin..I knew that the Berlin blockade and airlift were not in the time frame given but still wrote about them and the two given..also wrote about trizonia causing tension and the 6 month ultimatum...hope i get some marks..
Best of luck in all of your exam xxx I really need to revise the Russia topic now...)=