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    Need help revising this topic, the exam is on Monday and i have left this paper until now to start revising! I am going to do Conservatism and Fascism, what is the key topics i should attempt to revise and are there any key policies ect i should know. Thanks for any help
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    (Original post by ThatPoliticalGuy)
    Need help revising this topic, the exam is on Monday and i have left this paper until now to start revising! I am going to do Conservatism and Fascism, what is the key topics i should attempt to revise and are there any key policies ect i should know. Thanks for any help
    Here's the link to the specification - look at the things you're required to know and just learn them.

    - Make sure you know your core values and you're able to make links between them, and the core values of other ideologies.
    - Yes, make sure you have a few examples ready to pull out. For example pragmatism within the conservative party, there's the Same Sex Couples Act 2013, but also in the 1950's they didn't remove the Welfare State which was a socialist idea. Them kind of examples?

    Best of luck
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    (Original post by ThatPoliticalGuy)
    Need help revising this topic, the exam is on Monday and i have left this paper until now to start revising! I am going to do Conservatism and Fascism, what is the key topics i should attempt to revise and are there any key policies ect i should know. Thanks for any help
    hey, its on tuesday
    I'm doing conservatism and Liberalism
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    (Original post by ThatPoliticalGuy)
    Need help revising this topic, the exam is on Monday and i have left this paper until now to start revising! I am going to do Conservatism and Fascism, what is the key topics i should attempt to revise and are there any key policies ect i should know. Thanks for any help
    I'm doing those too as well. I think for conservatism it's good to just have an overall outlook of the history of the conservative party ( this was good for just an overview: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politi...10/8536227.stm ) and also some key thinkers (so like Edmund Burke, Benjamin Disralie, maybe worth looking at Hobbes and John Locke, Margaret Thatcher, maybe john major as a contrast, also david cameron) so then you have some key individuals to fall back on for evidence. It's good to know about these guys, since one year there was a question solely on Thatcherism, which was fab (kill me).
    Conservatism and fascism are pretty easy to cram, in the sense that you just sort of have to know the history- there's some contradictions with the conservative moment but that just makes it easier to learn and talk about.

    Fascism you're looking at Mussolini and Hitler mainly. But it might be good to also look at Franco (the spanish general who started the spanish civil war), some modern examples like Britain First, BNP, the BUF back in the 1930's, and also maybe Golden Dawn who are a popular fascist group in Greece rn.
    I mean they're pretty much just nationalist.
    Oh also Gentile is a good one, because he kind of set up all the key principles of fascism, Neiztsche also is a good philosopher. there's some really good notes on fascism on getrevising.com about the fascist movement, although there's not that much too it because it's so damn unpopular.

    ALSO, one year aqa had a question that was like fascism is nothing but nationalist socialism, and another which was like conservatism is more liberal in the 21st century. so i would suggest just know the key concepts of socialism and liberalism-- not in any depth just in what they believed in just in case they do something cruel like that and u can go "ah yes i know this" because it will still be a conservative/fascist question, they're just trying to catch you out.
    Hope this helps!!!
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    Hi, I'm doing liberalism and conservatism. I think the main thing with conservatism is to know your structure: classical, modern and more contemporary. If the question is on whether or not Conservatism is an ideology, it isn't; it sees itself as more reactionary however this changed when Thatcher came along and developed and ideology - Cameron is trying to revert this view. Just make sure you have plenty in about what is happening currently - EU referendum, Tata proposed bailout, Panama Papers, Syria Bombing, gay marriage, potential Data Protection Act etc - I would recommend doing two sheets, one for each topic you are doing, and make a sort of timeline - this really helped me!
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    For Fascism you wanna look first at its origins - post-WWI in Germany and Italy, and its origin with thinkers such as Gentile +Sorel

    Then core values are:
    - anti-Enlightenment (e.g. Spengler's Decline of the West), - Compare with liberalism
    - vitalism, milenarianism the General will,
    - organic state (compare with Conservatism),
    - anti-Conservatism (preference for modernism),
    - anti-Communism (due to class divide instead of nation/ race), - Compare with Socialism
    - struggle (social darwinism + creative destruction of war)
    - Totalitarianism (e.g. corporatism in Italy) - Compare with freedom under liberalism
    - Racialism (in Hitler's Germany, not Italy + cite policies e.g. t4) - Compare with liberal view of equality
    - Ultra-nationalism (Hitler's Greater Germany + Mussolini's New Roman Empire)
    - Leadership and the elite (e.g. cult of personality) - Compare with liberal meritocracy
    - Corporatism (e.g. Chamber of Corporations and Fasci)

    Themes in Fascism:
    - Religion, gender + welfare

    Key Thinkers:
    - Gentile, Mussolini, Sorel, Bergson, Nietzsche, Pareto, Hitler, Spengler, de Gobineau, Houston Chamberlain + Franco

    Fascist Political parties:
    - BUF, National Front + BNP

    Fascist Groups:
    - Column 88, Combat 18, White Wolves, Britain First, EDL

    Fascism Abroad:
    - Falangism (Spain), Front Nationale (France), Golden Dawn (Greece)

    Then finish off with contemporary debates: is fascism an ideology? (Compare with Conservatism) + the introduction of racism to Fascism


    For Conservatism the origins are Burke + the reaction to the French Revolution

    Core Values:
    - Organic society (compare with Fascism + liberal view of an atomistic society)
    - Hierarchy (compare with liberalism's views on equality)
    - Authority
    - Tradition (compare with liberalism enlightenment thinking + fascism's modernism)
    - Property
    - Human imperfection + the impossibility of a utopia (Compare with Socialism's strive for an egalitarianism society)

    Schools of thought:
    - Traditional Conservatism + one nation conservatism

    Key Thinkers:
    - Hobbes
    - Burke
    - Disraeli
    - Oakeshott
    - Macmillan
    - Hayek
    - Friedman
    - Keynes
    - Thatcher (introduction of neo-liberalism + the new-right)
    - Gilmour
    - Major
    - Hague
    - IDS
    - Howard
    - Cameron (include policy examples that demonstrate core values/ schools of thought in practice)

    - You could include something on libertarianism + Reaganism
    - And for current debates: ideology or pragmatism?

    Also sorry this is kinda long but its basically all you need to know - the real focus for A2 is to make comparisons with the other units you're studying
 
 
 
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