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Ethnogenesis of the English people

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    Can somebody explain how the English people are evolved and the modern english nation is created.

    From my understanding the Scots and Welsh are just Celts that the germanic tribes did not conquer. So how did the English were created?
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    5th century - Saxons, Jutes, Angles settled in post-Roman Britain

    6th/7th centuries - Saxons, Jutes and Angles formed kingdoms like Wessex, Sussex, Essex, East Anglia, Northumbria, Mercia, Kent.

    8th century - King Offa of Mercia became the dominant king over the other kingdoms

    9th century - Mercian dominance ended, and Wessex took over, but the Norse Great Heathen Army destroyed East Anglia, Mercia and Northumbria. King Alfred the Great of Wessex stopped the Norse, and divided the country between him and the Norse (Danelaw).

    10th century - Alfred'schildren (Lady Aethelflead and King Edward the Elder) reconquered the Danelaw under Wessex rule. Alfred's grandson, Athelstan united the country under his rule by conquered Norse York (first King of England).

    11th century - King Sweyn of Denmark and his son King Cnut conquered England. After Edward the Confessor died, the Norman Conquest and end of Anglo-Saxon England.

    So to keep it short, the Angles, Saxon, Jutes formed kingdoms, they fought off Norse, formed England.

    Genetically, the ENglish are a mix of Celtic, Anglo-Saxon, Norse and some Norman.
 
 
 
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Updated: September 26, 2016
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