History exam questionWatch
The government in Elizabethan England centred on
the monarch. During, and even before, the Elizabethan
period, monarchs of England believed they had the
right to rule ‘by the grace of God.’ This was later known
as divine right*. Because of this, Elizabeth I made
government policy, making all the most important
decisions with the advice of her Privy Council. She could
• declare war and make peace
• call and dismiss parliament, and agree to, or reject,
any laws they voted for
• rule in some legal cases, for example, if the law was
unclear or if people appealed a judgement
• grant titles, lands, money, and jobs.
To reward people with special privileges, such as a grant
of land, a title or championing a cause, is known as
patronage. Patronage is a very effective way of getting
support from people and controlling them. What the
queen gave, she could also take away if displeased.
Other wealthy people could give patronage too, but the
queen was the ultimate patron.
If the question was: Describe two features of the Power of the Monarch in 1558 what two points could you include, and how do you develop them to get the full four marks?