Hey, i wondered if anyone could look at my assignment on marxism, we had to create a fact sheet with an outline of marxism. so can anyone have a look and say its alright or not? like in terms of content and grammar
Marxism is a key sociological perspective founded by Karl Marx (1818-1883) after he became concerned with the growing conflicts in society, such as wealth and poverty existing at the same time and wealth not being evenly distributed among the poor (Moore et al., 2005). The theory is a structuralist theory, as it suggests that behavior of people in society is influenced from the economy and capitalism rather than the people. Marxism suggests that there are two social classes in society, the proletariat (the working class) ; who only own the right to work, and the bourgeois (ruling class); who own all the factories, business and exploit the proletariat workers. Marx also suggests that the proletariat have lower life chances, as they are repressed by the bourgeoisie; this is because they pay them little wage for the work that they do, and the workers earn less than the profit of the product they are producing. This, in turn creates surplus value which the bourgeois keep for themselves (Moore, 2001).
In addition, Marx suggests that the only way for the proletariat to be free of bourgeois exploitation is radical revolution and takeover of the capitalist society, Although, Marx explains that this will not occur unless the proletariat becomes aware of their exploitation by the bourgeoisie.
Capitalism in the society is said to be only able to work because the bourgeoisie are in charge of it, as many are lawyers, politicians, and entrepreneurs who have immense power (Trueman , 2016). The bourgeois also induces repressive state apparatus to maintain their rule;this consists of the armed forces, police and the courts who are ready to repress the proletariat at any time if necessary. In addition, ideological state repression is also used to instill and control norms and beliefs into the working class through socials institutions such as education or mass media (Webb et al., 2015. The education system induces this by failing working class pupils and giving them less attention and a lesser quality of teaching than middle class or rebrick establishments; in turn stopping the proletariat from progressing in education to university and through social mobility. Likewise, education legitimates produce ideologies and beliefs that suggest the working class are not meant to progress as they belong to the class that they are in; this, in turn, prevents a revolution (Levitas, 2012).
The bourgeoisie ensures that all of the ideological and state repression is in place so that the proletariat do not come aware of the fact they are being exploited, as they will demand higher wages, better working conditions and will band together to overturn capitalism. Gintis and Bowles suggest that the workforce is needed for capitalism and their personalities must be submissive, obedient and accepting of their role in society. This is highly reinforced in education and mass media ,which in turn creates a false class consciousness that suggests the working class have a good and equal life compared to the bourgeois. All of this helps prevents a revolution of the capitalist society and therefore is important for the bourgeois rulers (Kirby, 2000).