(Original post by humblelearner)
So where do you get your information from about all disbelievers having to be killed? There is clear misunderstanding in what you are saying which I will deal with in due time.
First, I have never claimed that "all disbelievers must be killed".
Second, I get all my information from the Quran, the sunnah of Muhammad, and classical tafsir. And from those sources, it is clear that all those who refuse to submit to Islam may be
(not must be) killed.
Again, you are taking things out of context by referring to the commenatry of verse 9:5. If you look at verse 9: 6:
I'm not sure if "context" means what you think it means.
Regarding 9:6, that was merely an instruction to allow safe passage for certain circumstances. From Ibn Kathir...
The Ayah says, `We legislated giving such people safe passage so that they may learn about the religion of Allah, so that Allah's call will spread among His servants. Ibn Abi Najih narrated that Mujahid said that this Ayah, "Refers to someone who comes to you to hear what you say and what was revealed to you (O Muhammad). Therefore, he is safe until he comes to you, hears Allah's Words and then proceeds to the safe area where he came from.''
In summary, those who come from a land at war with Muslims to the area of Islam, delivering a message, for business transactions, to negotiate a peace treaty, to pay the Jizyah, to offer an end to hostilities, and so forth, and request safe passage from Muslim leaders or their deputies, should be granted safe passage, as long as they remain in Muslim areas, until they go back to their land and sanctuary.
Verse 9:6 is was among one of the last verses revealed. It set the way in which Muslims are ordered to deal with non-Muslims. The verse clearly states that if a polytheist is seeking refuge, he is given it and helped to get back to his place of safety safely.
9:6 just gives safe passage
from the command to kill those who refuse to submit to Islam
, to disbelievers who are willing to listen to Allah's message (or are on another errand). If a disbeliever refuses and claims his right to defend his own belief (just as Muslims claim the right to defend theirs) then they are liable to the instructions of 9:5, which Muhammad clarified with "I have been commanded to fight the people until they testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, establish the prayer and pay the Zakah."
If Sura 9 lays down the way in which Muslims are to treat disbelievers from thence onwards, then the only Muslims who are following it properly are ISIS (which is what they claim). It even instructs Muslims to fight against Jews and Christians, people who had been given an easier time in earlier sura.It continues with references to fighting against the disbelievers throughout sura 9.
Fight those who do not believe in Allah, nor in the latter day, nor do they prohibit what Allah and His Messenger have prohibited, nor follow the religion of truth, out of those who have been given the Book, until they pay the tax in acknowledgment of superiority and they are in a state of subjection.
Those who believe in Allah and the Last Day would not ask permission of you to be excused from fighting with their wealth and their lives
O Prophet, fight against the disbelievers and the hypocrites and be harsh upon them.
(99:73)...and so on...
He also spends a lot of time on those who claim to be Muslims but won't "fight with their lives and property in the way of Allah"
. Allah doesn't like these people and they will be punished. There are quite a lot of Muslims today who claim that they are not supposed to fight against the disbelievers.