(Original post by marigoldOdd)
Im mostly very confused by Henry VII and i struggle with the timeline 1485-1603
Henry VII is the least interesting of the lot; I can't really help you much with him, lol.
There were 5 monarchs- Henry VII, Henry VIII, Edward VII, Mary I, and Elizabeth I. Henry VII was Henry VIII's father (that's easy enough to remember). Henry VIII was the father of Edward VII, Mary I, and Elizabeth I- each one by a different one of his six wives. It's worth memorising the dates of their reigns.
Some of the most important events of the Tudor era include the coronation of each monarch, events in the long-standing conflict with Scotland, and foreign conflict of the time- particularly the invasion of the Spanish Armada.
One of the defining characteristics of Tudor England was the religious beliefs under each monarch. England had been a Catholic country for hundreds of years when Henry VII came to the throne. He kept it that way- he wanted his reign to be one of stability, as he came to the throne immediately after the Wars of the Roses. Henry VIII changed this. The Protestant Reformation had started in Europe, and Henry kept on disagreeing with the Pope and also thought that the church swallowed too much of England's money: so he made England a Protestant country.
Edward VII enforced his father's Protestant beliefs. But his reign lasted only seven years- he died when he was 16. This meant his older sister, Mary Tudor (boys were ahead of girls in line to the throne) became Queen. She wanted England to be Catholic again. She persecuted Protestants (giving her the name Bloody Mary), which made her very unpopular. She died after half a decade on the throne.
Then we have Elizabeth I, the Virgin Queen. She allowed both Catholics and Protestants to practice their faiths and pretty much achieved general peace and harmony.
(You can tell I had to write a huge essay about this)
Sorry I can't really help with Henry VII.